The history of the Chickasaw Nation in Oklahoma began in 1818 when tribal leaders signed the Treaty of Old Town, ceding their lands in western Kentucky and Tennessee.
The Chickasaw (/ˈtʃɪkəsɔː/ CHIK-ə-saw) are an indigenous people of the Southeastern Woodlands. Their traditional territory was in the Southeastern United States of Mississippi, Alabama, and Tennessee.
The earliest recorded history of the Chickasaw Nation began in 1540, when Hernando de Soto encountered the tribe on his travels throughout the southeastern portion of the continent.
The Chickasaw Indians originally lived in the Southeast in areas of Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee, and Kentucky. In 1832 they migrated to Oklahoma after being forced to sell their land to the United States government.
Chickasaw Indians. An important Muskhogean tribe, closely related to the Choctaw in language and customs, although the two tribes were mutually hostile. Aside from tradition, the earliest habitat traceable for the Chickasaw is north Mississippi.
1 plural Chickasaw or Chickasaws: a member of a nation of Indigenous peoples of Mississippi and Alabama. 2: the Muskogean language of the Chickasaw.
Summary and Definition: The Chickasaw tribe of northeastern Mississippi were known for their brave, warlike and independent disposition. They were regarded as the most formidable warriors of the Southeast and referred to as the “Unconquered”.
The Chickasaw Indians were a tribe of great hunters and warriors whose towns were located near the headwaters of the Tombigbee River in northeastern Mississippi, but who ranged far and wide over the whole Mississippi valley region.
The Chickasaw language was the primary language of Chickasaw people for hundreds of years. Chickasaw is a Muskogean language, and Chickasaw and Choctaw together form the Western branch of the Muskogean language family.
Chickasaws believed in single supreme creator called Ababinili. However, they also believed that the sun was the ultimate spiritual power as it created and sustained life. They also believed in lesser spirits of clouds, sky, witches and evil spirits.
The snake dance is one of the oldest-known Chickasaw dances and has been passed on to successive generations. The traditional stomp dance is the most well-known dance of the Southeastern tribes. We believe our ceremonial songs and dances have been a part of tribal custom since time began.
Because of their relatively small population and because Indian and European enemies lived all around them in the 18th century, the Chickasaws placed a great emphasis on military prowess. At various times the Chickasaws warred against the Choctaws, the Creeks, the Cherokees, and the French, among other peoples.
Long ago, there came a time when the Chickasaw People needed to move from the West. Our ancestors appealed to our wise hopayi’ (prophets) to find a solution. Once they concluded their deliberations, they told our ancestors they should seek a home in the direction of the rising sun in the East.
Last year, Chickasaw legislators increased their annual pay from $26,500 to a base of $42,000. They also added longevity pay that boosts the highest-paid legislator’s package to more than $85,000.