The Cheyenne tribe consisted of Native Americans that began as a woodland people in Minnesota before events of the late 1600s forced them into nomadic life on the Great Plains.
Cheyenne, North American Plains Indians who spoke an Algonquian language and inhabited the regions around the Platte and Arkansas rivers during the 19th century. Before 1700 the Cheyenne lived in what is now central Minnesota, where they farmed, hunted, gathered wild rice, and made pottery.
During the late 1600s the Cheyenne moved into what is now North and South Dakota where they built villages of earthen dwellings and farmed the land. In time pressure from the Sioux tribes and the Ojibway (see entries) drove the Cheyenne even farther west into the area of the Black Hills.
The Cheyenne tribe originally lived as farmers in earthlodges in the Sheyenne River valley. The were forced west to the Great Plains by the French and their Chippewa allies. The Cheyenne tribe changed their lifestyle to become nomadic buffalo hunters who lived in tepees.
In 1804, the Lewis and Clark Expedition encountered the Cheyenne living on the upper Missouri River. The Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribes became allies and formed into one Nation.
Interesting Facts about the Cheyenne Tribe The buffalo was a major part of the Cheyenne culture and way of life. The buffalo provided their food, shelter, and clothing. Each year, the Cheyenne bands would come together for four days during the Spring to celebrate the Sun Dance ceremony.
It is of Native American Indian origin, and the meaning of Cheyenne is “unintelligible speakers”. From the French name “shaiyena”. Name of a Native American tribe. The Cheyennes were famous for their courage in battle, and the capital city of Wyoming is named after the tribe.
According to tribal history, during the 17th century, the Cheyenne had been driven by the Assiniboine (Hóheeheo’o – “wrapped ones or swaddled”, adaptive from the Lakota/Dakota word Hóhe, meaning “rebels”) from the Great Lakes region to present-day Minnesota and North Dakota, where they established villages.
“Aho” means ” yes, I agree “,”‘I understand’, or ‘I acknowledge”.
No, prior to the late nineteenth century, the Cheyenne people generally did not use money. The Cheyenne usually bartered and traded.
During the 1800s, the Cheyenne laid their dead to rest in the trees. In the absence of a suitable tree, mourners constructed a scaffolding with four wooden posts staked into the ground. A wood platform for the body was then laid across the posts, resulting in a structure, typically 8 to 10 feet high.
There is a Cheyenne expression which is often used by men, which is a kind of greeting. It is ” Haaahe. ” It has no word meaning, but, does still have important social meaning of recognition, solidarity, friendship.
The tribe split (c. 1830) when a large group decided to settle on the upper Arkansas River and take advantage of the trade facilities offered by Bent’s Fort. This group became known as the Southern Cheyenne. The incident aroused the Cheyenne to fury, and a bitter war followed.
The tribe call themselves “Tsis tsis’tas” (Tse-TSES-tas) which means “the beautiful people”. The Cheyenne Nation is comprised of ten bands, spread all over the Great Plains, from southern Colorado to the Black Hills in South Dakota.