Starting in 1721, many Christian Algonquins began to settle for the summer at Kahnesatake, near Oka. The Mohawk Nation was then considered one of the Seven Nations of Canada. Algonquin warriors continued to fight in alliance with France until the British conquest of Quebec in 1760 during the Seven Years’ War.
Archaeological information indicates that Algonquin people have lived in the Ottawa Valley for at least 8,000 years before the Europeans arrived in North America.
The Algonquin are Indigenous peoples that have traditionally occupied parts of western Quebec and Ontario, centring on the Ottawa River and its tributaries. Algonquin should not be confused with Algonquian, which refers to a larger linguistic and cultural group, including First Nations such as Innu and Cree.
General Wayne’s victory in 1794 put an end to the struggle, and at the Treaty of Greenville in 1795 the Indians acknowledged their defeat and made the first cession of land west of the Ohio River.
Location. The Algonquins lived north of the Iroquois, and by Lake Superior as the Ottawa Valley. The Iroquois lived between the Great Lakes in southern Ontario with many different types of Iroquois tribes like the Wendat (lived between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario) and the Petuns and the Neutrals.
The Algonquin are original natives of southern Quebec and eastern Ontario in Canada. Today they live in nine communities in Quebec and one in Ontario.
What does the word “Algonquin” mean? “Algonquin” was the French name for the tribe. The French were probably trying to pronounce elehgumoqik, the Maliseet word for “our allies,” or Algoomaking, a Mi’kmaq place name. The Algonquins call themselves Anishnabe, which means “original person.” (The plural is Anishnabek.)
In the following year of 1609, Champlain and the settlers of Quebec City would encounter the Algonquins. This occurred from a rough winter were the majority of Champlain’s settlers had died from disease. The French had made an alliance with the Algonquins allowing them to keep their early settlements in the new world.
Like many other Native American tribes, the Algonquin Indians were deeply spiritual and had a religion founded on animism, the belief that a spiritual world animated and interacted with the physical world.
Algonquian languages, also spelled Algonkian, North American Indian language family whose member languages are or were spoken in Canada, New England, the Atlantic coastal region southward to North Carolina, and the Great Lakes region and surrounding areas westward to the Rocky Mountains.
The Mahican were located in western New England in the upper Hudson River Valley (around what was developed by Europeans as Albany, New York). These groups practiced agriculture, hunting and fishing.
The traditional territory of the Algonquin people has always included the Ottawa Valley and adjacent lands, straddling the border between what is now Quebec and Ontario. Unlike most of Ontario and the Prairies, Algonquin territory has never been dealt with by a land-sharing Treaty. Algonquin title continues to exist.
Algonquin (also spelled Algonkin; in Algonquin: Anicinàbemowin or Anishinàbemiwin) is either a distinct Algonquian language closely related to the Ojibwe language or a particularly divergent Ojibwe dialect. It is spoken, alongside French and to some extent English, by the Algonquin First Nations of Quebec and Ontario.
They were battles for economic dominance throughout the Saint Lawrence River valley in Canada and the lower Great Lakes region which pitted the Iroquois against the northern Algonquians and the Algonquians’ French allies.
How did the diet of the Algonquian differ from that of the Iroquois? The Algonquian ate more fish, while the Iroquois relied more on crops.