The Ottawas were farming people. Ottawa women grew crops of corn, beans, and squash. Ottawa men hunted deer and small game and went fishing in their canoes.
The Ottawa became very important to the fur trade. The Ottawa would go out and trade other tribes for their fur and then in turn would trade that to the French. The Ottawa were generally counted as allies of the Huron and the French during the French and Indian War.
The women were responsible for work around the house, like cooking and raising the children. The men were responsible for work away from the home, like hunting and raiding. The women were generally in charge of the home and sometimes the fields. They worked extremely hard.
The key roles in tribes and startups are identical: Hunter, Skinner, Shaman, Chief and Tribal Elder. The Hunter provides for the tribe and literally brings home the bacon. These individuals are highly autonomous, independent and thrive on frequent recognition.
The Ottawa sometimes built tall fences, or palisades, around their villages for protection. When they left their villages to hunt in winter, the Ottawa lived in dwellings called wickiups (or wigwams). Like longhouses, these homes also had a pole frame covered with bark, but they were smaller and dome-shaped.
Today there more than 10,000 Ottawa in the United States, with the majority in Michigan. Another several thousand live in Ontario, Canada.
In the modern period, these distinctions have largely disappeared, although adopted tribal organizations still function in Oklahoma and Canada. The Ottawa believed in a supreme being (the “Master of Life”), as well as many good and evil spirits.
Men were the hunters and the warriors, while women grew crops and looked after the longhouses. Men also serve as the chiefs and sachems, but these men are appointed by the Clan Mothers. If the Clan Mothers think that the men in charge are not doing their jobs, they can have them replaced.
Houses belonged to the women in the Dakota tribes. Men were hunters and warriors, responsible for feeding and defending their families. Usually only men became Dakota chiefs, but both genders took part in storytelling, artwork and music, and traditional medicine.
A tribal chief or chieftain is the leader of a tribal society or chiefdom.
All Chiefs, nowadays, are elected by the adult membership of their tribe. He is responsible for morale, and welfare programs for all tribal members. He conducts funerals, weddings and attends social affairs, and family gatherings.
The Ottawas were farming people. Ottawa women grew crops of corn, beans, and squash. Ottawa men hunted deer and small game and went fishing in their canoes. Ottawa Indian foods included cornbread and soups.
Ottawa, Canada The name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word “adawe”, which means “to trade”. The settlement was originally incorporated as Bytown in 1850. The name was changed to Ottawa in 1855.
The Ottawa Indians originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time when European settles first arrived in the early 1600s. They moved into northern Ohio around 1740.