In 1707 Father Jacques Gravier reported that all but about forty of the 2,200 Indian inhabitants of the Kaskaskia village “profess the catholic faith with the greatest piety and constancy.” Members of the Peoria tribe, however, often resisted the new faith and held to the traditions of their grandfathers.
Kaskaskia embraced Christianity straining relationships with other tribes. Very cooperative with the French. 1.6 Ecology/habitat: Long-grass prairie, wooded along rivers and streams.
The Illinois worshiped one god above all others–Kitchesmanetoa (kitch•es•man•e•TO•a), the “spirit master of life”–which they considered the maker of all things. They also honored the sun and the thunder, both of which were manifestations of Kitchesmanetoa that helped maintain life on earth.
Early European explorers describe individual Native American tribes and even small bands as each having their own religious practices. Theology may be monotheistic, polytheistic, henotheistic, animistic, shamanistic, pantheistic or any combination thereof, among others.
The Kaskaskia were one of the indigenous peoples of the Northeastern Woodlands. They were one of about a dozen cognate tribes that made up the Illiniwek Confederation, also called the Illinois Confederation.
In 1832, with escalating federal removal policies in place, the Kaskaskia were forced move west of the Mississippi River, and to leave their traditional homeland in Illinois. Descendants of the Kaskaskia make up the federally-recognized tribe of the Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
The home of the first capital of Illinois from 1818 until 1820, Kaskaskia has been severed from the rest of the state for more than 135 years, when the Mississippi River took the path of least resistance and cut a new route to the east, leaving the town stranded alone on the west side of the river.
The women did most of the farming, harvesting corn, beans, and squash. Illini men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game. Sometimes they would also have large communal buffalo hunts. Several Illini villages would get together and use a ring of fire to herd buffalo towards a group of hunters.
Here are a few.
As time passed, their population declined and many of their traditional ways of life changed as they adapted to new situations. Eventually the Illinois were forced to leave their traditional lands and move west to Indian Territory.
Belief. Indigenous religions have a strong connection to nature and have worship practices that bring the community together. They usually do not have any formal teachings, but seek to live in harmony with nature. Followers.
Great Spirit and Worldviews Many Indigenous peoples subscribe to the idea of a Creator, Great Spirit or Great Mystery — a power or being that has created the world and everything in it. These beings are often described as good or well-intentioned, though dangerous if treated carelessly or with disrespect.
Indigenous religions is a category used in the study of religion to demarcate the religious belief systems of communities described as being “indigenous”. The term “indigenous religions” is usually applied to the localised belief systems of small-scale societies.
Because of Kaskaskia’s location on the fertile land now known as the American Bottoms, it quickly grew into an important center of agriculture and fur trading. With the onset of the French and Indian War in 1756 and fearing attack, Fort Kaskaskia was built on Garrison Hill overlooking the town.
Initially incorporated as a town by the French in 1725, it was granted special rights by King Louis XV of France. French-built Fort Kaskaskia (1733) was destroyed in 1766 by villagers when the British occupied the region.