What Was The Origin Of The Tribe That Came To Be Known As The Seminole Tribe?

What Was The Origin Of The Tribe That Came To Be Known As The Seminole Tribe?

Seminole history begins with bands of Creek Indians from Georgia and Alabama who migrated to Florida in the 1700s. Conflicts with Europeans and other tribes caused them to seek new lands to live in peace. The 1770s is when Florida Indians collectively became known as Seminole, a name meaning “wild people” or “runaway.”

What origin were the Black Seminoles?

The Seminoles were largely of Creek origin and lived in villages in northern Florida. The area was also home to a number of Africans, free African Americans, and runaway African American slaves, all of whom were known as Black Seminoles.

What groups bands and or tribes comprised the Seminoles?

The Seminoles, like their Creek relatives, absorbed remnants of the Florida tribes into their own. The Oconees were the first “Seminoles,” followed by the Yuchis, Alabamas, Choctaws, and Shawnees, each of which, once they moved into Florida, became known as Seminoles.

What happened to the Seminole tribe when the Europeans arrived in North America?

Wars with Spain and their other Native allies contributed to the near extinction and movement of many early tribes of Florida. Colonization pressures from the Europeans and later, the Americans, forced the surviving members of these groups to migrate into the Florida panhandle and form new tribal communities.

Why is Florida State called the Seminoles?

The name was selected specifically to honor the indomitable spirit of the Florida Seminoles — those people whom the Seminole Tribe of Florida refers to as the “few hundred unconquered Seminole men, women and children left — all hiding in the swamps and Everglades of South Florida.” FSU’s use of the name honors the

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What language is Seminole?

Today, the members of the Seminole tribe speak one or both of two languages: Maskókî and Mikisúkî. These are the only two left from among the dozens of dialects that were spoken by their ancestors here in the Southeast. Maskókî, erroneously called “Creek” by English speakers, is the core language.

Who fought the Seminoles?

From 1817-1818, the United States Army invaded Spanish Florida and fought against the Seminole and their African American allies. Collectively, these battles came to be known as the First Seminole War. Americans reacted to these confrontations by sending Andrew Jackson to Florida with an army of about 3,000 men.

How did the Seminole Tribe get to Oklahoma?

Seminole Indians are descended from Lower Creeks who severed their political ties in the late 18th century and relocated from the Chattahoochee River to northern Florida, which had been largely stripped of its native population by European colonization.

What are Seminole tribe known for?

The Seminoles generally welcomed those newcomers. Their economy emphasized hunting, fishing, and gathering wild foods such as nuts and berries; they also grew corn (maize), beans, squash, melons, and other produce on high ground within the wetlands.

What did the Seminole Tribe wear?

Seminole men wore Native breechclouts. Seminole women wore wraparound skirts, usually woven from palmetto. Shirts were not necessary in Seminole culture, but men and women both wore poncho-style mantles in cool weather. Like most Native Americans, the Seminoles wore moccasins on their feet.

How did the First Seminole War affect the Seminole Tribe?

The First Seminole War (1817–18) began over attempts by U.S. authorities to recapture runaway black slaves living among Seminole bands. Under General Andrew Jackson, U.S. military forces invaded the area, scattering the villagers, burning their towns, and seizing Spanish-held Pensacola and St. Marks.

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Where did the Seminole Tribe migrate to from northern Florida?

This chiefly dynasty lasted past Removal, when the US forced the majority of Seminole to move from Florida to the Indian Territory (modern Oklahoma) after the Second Seminole War.

When did the Seminole wars begin?

The indigenous Indians immediately to the north of Florida were given names such as Creek, Mikasuki, Yamassee, Yuchi, Oconee, Guale, Eufala, etc.

What was the name or term for the leader of the Seminole Tribe?

Led by their dynamic chief Osceola (q.v.), the Seminole warriors hid their families in the Everglades and fought vigorously to defend their homeland, using guerrilla tactics. As many as 2,000 U.S. soldiers were killed in this prolonged fighting, which cost the government between $40,000,000 and $60,000,000.

What is the Seminole flag?

The Seminoles are said to believe that life spins in a circle, beginning in the east, then north, west and south. The bands of color in the flag symbolize those points of the compass: yellow for east, red for north, black for west, and white for south.

Harold Plumb

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