What kind of homes did they live in? The Seminole people originally lived in log cabins in North Florida, but when they were forced to move to the swampy lands of Southern Florida they lived in homes called chickees. A chickee had a raised floor, a thatched roof supported by wooden posts, and open sides.
The Seminole people lived in houses called chickees. Seminole chickees were made of wood and plaster, and the roofs were thatched with palmetto fiber. Here are some pictures of chickees like the ones Seminole Indians used.
“Chickee” is the word Seminoles use for “house.” The first Seminoles to live in North Florida are known to have constructed log cabin-type homes, some two stories tall, with sleeping quarters upstairs.
The Calusa lived on the coast and along the inner waterways. They built their homes on stilts and wove Palmetto leaves to fashion roofs, but they didn’t construct any walls. The Calusa Indians did not farm like the other Indian tribes in Florida.
The Chickee stilt house was constructed from cypress logs used a posts to support a raised open-sided floor and a thatched roof. The thatch was weaved from palmetto palm leaves held in place with vines or thin ropes (cordage).
A wigwam is a domed or cone-shaped house that was historically used by Indigenous peoples. Today, wigwams are used for cultural functions and ceremonial purposes. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.) A wigwam is a domed or cone-shaped house that was historically used by Indigenous peoples.
After surviving the first half of the 20th century through agriculture and by selling crafts, individuals saw that organizing as a constitutional form of government would be a positive step. The Seminole tribe improved their independence by adopting a constitutional form of government.
In the Southwest, a pueblo is a settlement that has houses made of stone, adobe, and wood. The houses have flat roofs and can be one or more stories tall. Pueblo people have lived in this style of building for more than 1,000 years.
The Native American tribes from Eastern Woodlands and Great Plains such as Arikara, Hidatsa, and Mandan built semi-subterranean structures known as earth lodges. Earth lodges are circular in construction and covered with earth, either completely or partially.
Seminole tribes generally follow Christianity, both Protestantism and Roman Catholicism. They also observe their traditional Native religion, which is expressed through the stomp dance and the Green Corn Ceremony held at their ceremonial grounds. Indigenous peoples have practiced Green Corn rituals for centuries.
Stilt houses (also called pile dwellings or lake dwellings) are houses raised on stilts (or piles) over the surface of the soil or a body of water. Stilt houses are built primarily as a protection against flooding; they also keep out vermin.
The chickee was adopted by Seminoles as an easily erected, disposable shelter that allowed them to move camp frequently and easily when pursued by U.S. troops. Each chickee had its own purpose—cooking, sleeping, and eating—and together they were organized within a camp-type community.
Stilt houses are those houses which are raised over a surface or mainly water. These type of houses are primarily used as protection against flood.
The large houses varied in size and ranged from 20 to 60 feet wide and from 50 to 150 feet long. The men split slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees and stripped off the branches. The strong log framework of the Plank House usually consisted of 8 main posts that were peg-joined to 4-6 roof beams.
Seminole families slept in their chickee at night. Their beds of hides or blankets were called “comfortables”. Comfortables were rolled up and hung from the rafters during the day.