The Chinook built large cedar plank houses. The size of the structure depended on the wealth of the owner and the number of families inhabiting it. Each family occupied a distinct portion of the house. Rush mats hanging from the rafters formed the walls to separate the living spaces.
The Plank House construction was used by other tribes such as the Mojave who inhabited California. These plank houses were built in similar styles to the Northwest coast tribes but included additions such as a Ramada, a simple shelter that was open on at least three sides offering shade during the summer.
Plank Houses Many were constructed from red cedar trees that were cut down and shaped into planks. The planks were then used to build the flooring, roof, and walls. Plank houses were built in this region due to its wet springs and winters, when people needed indoor sleeping and working arrangements.
People in the Pacific Northwest like the Chinook and the Nez Perce did not farm or keep animals. There was always so much fish that nobody needed to start farming and they could just keep on fishing for their food.
Chinook Jargon, also called Tsinuk Wawa, pidgin, presently extinct, formerly used as a trade language in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It is thought to have originated among the Northwest Coast Indians, especially the Chinook and the Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) peoples.
The Chinook built large cedar plank houses. The cedar plankhouse was the typical permanent dwelling of the Chinook and other coastal Northwest people. The size of these sturdy buildings ranged from approximately 14 x 20 feet to 40 x 100 feet.
In the Northwest region, Native Americans lived in plank houses. These homes were made from long, flat planks of cedar wood attached to a wooden frame. Plank houses were perfect for living in cold climates. They also could fit more then one family.
Click here for more details on three main types of homes: the Teepee, Longhouse, and Pueblo. Wigwams were homes built by the Algonquian tribes of American Indians living in the Northeast. They were built from trees and bark similar to the longhouse, but were much smaller and easier to construct.
The list of different types of Native American homes and shelters included tepees, wigwams, brush shelters, wickiups, chickees (stilt houses), earthen houses, hogans, earth lodges, pit houses, longhouses, adobe houses, pueblos, asi wattle and daub, grass houses, tule lodges, beehive thatched houses, kiich and
A wigwam is a domed or cone-shaped house that was historically used by Indigenous peoples. Today, wigwams are used for cultural functions and ceremonial purposes. (See also Architectural History of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.) A wigwam is a domed or cone-shaped house that was historically used by Indigenous peoples.
Their main food source was salmon, but Chinook men also caught other fish and sea animals. The Chinook woman gathered clams, mussels, shellfish, berries, and roots. The Chinook men hunted elk, deer, buffalo, and sea animals. Chinook people were not nomadic, they stayed in one place most of the time.
The Chinook used shells as a form of currency.
Cultus — means bad, worthless, useless, ordinary, evil or taboo. Cultus iktus means “worthless stuff”. Hiyu — less common nowadays, but still heard in some places to mean a party or gathering. From the Chinook for “many” or “several” or “lots of”.
masi – thank you (adaptation from merci);
Many Chinook children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play, just like early colonial children. But they did have dolls, toys and games to play. A lacrosse-like game called koho was a popular among teenagers as it was among adult men.