The Iroquois ate a variety of foods. They grew crops such as corn, beans, and squash. These three main crops were called the “Three Sisters” and were usually grown together. Women generally farmed the fields and cooked the meals.
They used bow and arrows to kill black bear, elk, deer, rabbit, and wolves. They trapped wild turkey, ducks and other birds. They hunted turtles for their food and shells. No part of the animal was wasted.
Pleasant studies what traditionally are known as the “three sisters”: beans, corn and squash. These staples of Iroquois cropping are traditionally grown together on a single plot, mimicking natural systems in what agronomists call a polyculture.
Haudenosaunee fishermen used spears and nets to catch fish. Sometimes they’d form large fishing parties, where men in canoes would “herd” fish downstream into large nets, held by other groups of men on either side of the creek or river.
7. Iroquois women wore wraparound skirts with short leggings. The Men wore breechcloths with long leggings. They wore moccasins on their feet and heavy robes in the winter.
People who lived in the Iroquois nation in the northeast part of North America ate mainly corn and beans and squash that they farmed: the Three Sisters. They made the corn into flat bread like tacos or tortillas. Inside the tortillas, they rolled up mashed beans and squash, like a burrito today.
Fish were often boiled and then fried or added to soups. Eels were also caught and dried or fried. Food was generally boiled though meats were usually baked or roasted by placing the meat in the ashes. There weren’t many utensils and families usually had spoons just for dishing out food.
Women in the Iroquois tribes oversaw the agriculture. The most popular agricultural product on the Iroquois was the three-sisters: corn, beans, and squash (Kalman 14).. In addition to traditional agriculture, the Iroquois women tapped into many other naturally-grown foods that they collected.
Salmon was a major source of food, along with other fish such as trout, halibut and herring, followed by acorns, hundreds of different plants, marine mammals (whales, otters, seals), bears, beavers, lynx, deer, and small game like rabbits and hares.
The Three Sisters are represented by corn, beans, and squash and they’re an important facet of Indigenous culture and foodways. They’re planted in a symbiotic triad where beans are planted at the base of the corn stalks. The stalks offer climbing bean vines support as they reach for sunlight from the earth.
The Haudenosaunee refer to the corn, beans and squash as The Three Sisters. They are important to the Haudenosaunee diet.
In addition to its religious uses, men smoked tobacco, often mixed with other herbs, in their pipes. It is said that “good thoughts” came while smoking, and no man was without his pipe when important matters were to be discussed and decided. Ceramic trumpet-shaped smoking pipes.
Cherokee women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. Cherokee men did most of the hunting, shooting deer, bear, wild turkeys, and small game. They also fished in the rivers and along the coast. Cherokee dishes included cornbread, soups, and stews cooked on stone hearths.
The women wore their hair long. Warriors wore their hair in a “mohawk” – a wide stripe of hair left down the middle of their head. Men removed all body hair by scraping it off. Both men and women decorated their bodies with tattoos.
Iroquois people still exist today. There are approximately 28,000 living in or near reservations in New York State, and approximately 30,000 more in Canada (McCall 28). Iroquois Indians became known for their light foot and fearlessness in bridge constructuion, and helped build the bridge over the St.
For entertainment, the Iroquois played sports like lacrosse, a stick and ball game, and in the wintertime a game called snow snake.