Samson was a legendary Israelite warrior and judge, a member of the tribe of Dan, and a Nazirite. His immense physical strength, which he used for 20 years against the Philistines, derived from his uncut hair.
Samson was an Israelite from the tribe of Dan. Samson’s mother is unnamed in the Bible but also appears to be from the tribe of Dan.
From after the conquest of the land by Joshua until the formation of the first united Kingdom of Israel in c. 1050 BC, the Tribe of Dan was a part of a loose confederation of Israelite tribes. The most celebrated Danite was Samson, a Danite judge from the period of settlement in the lands allotted by Joshua.
Samson’s parents, Zoah and Manoah, who weren’t supposed to be able to conceive, were told that Samson was to be a Nazirite and a deliverer for Israel. A Nazirite kept three promises: 1) He would not eat grapes or drink wine; 2) he would not touch anything dead; and 3) he would never cut his hair.
Samson is betrayed by his lover Delilah, who, sent by the Philistines officials to entice him, orders a servant to cut his hair while he is sleeping and turns him over to his Philistine enemies, who gouge out his eyes and force him to grind grain in a mill at Gaza.
Manoah and his wife were the parents of famous judge Samson. According to Rabbinic tradition, they also had a daughter called Nishyan or Nashyan.
Though it is possible he may have had more sons and daughters than what is recorded in surviving texts, only twelve sons would form the basis for the twelve tribes of Israel: Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph, Benjamin, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
The Tribe of Benjamin, located to the north of Judah but to the south of the northern Kingdom of Israel, is significant in biblical narratives as a source of various Israelite leaders, including the first Israelite king, Saul, as well as earlier tribal leaders in the period of the Judges.
Judas is thought to have been from the tribe of Judah. His name may have been a fictional literary device. Judas and the Jew come from the same root word Judah. So in the betrayal narrative Jesus was killed by “The Jews” and was handed over or “betrayed” by Judas “The Jew.
Manoah’s wife (also referred to as Samson’s mother) is an unnamed figure in the Book of Judges, the wife of Manoah. She is introduced in Judges 13:2 as a barren woman. The angel of the Lord appears to her and tells her she will have a son. She later gives birth to Samson.
Satan used the woman to cut his hair, which made his contract with God null and void. It was not necessarily in the hair that God gave his power but the power was in the agreement that Sampson had with God under the Nazarite Vow. When this last bond was broken the power of God departed from him.
She was a Philistine who, bribed to entrap Samson, coaxed him into revealing that the secret of his strength was his long hair, whereupon she took advantage of his confidence to betray him to his enemies. Her name has since become synonymous with a voluptuous, treacherous woman.
When the Philistines knew that Samson had burned much land by fire, and the reason being that he was cheated of taking his wife whom he had married and not treated as a harlot, the Philistines burned the Timnite woman and her father with fire. So Samson’s first wife died.