War chief and leader of the Oglala branch of the Teton Sioux, Red Cloud was born in present-day, north-central Nebraska near the forks of the Platte River. He was the first American Indian in the West to win a war against the United States. He was also the last.
Red Cloud didn’t read or write much, but he probably knew more English than he let on, McDermott said. “It was a matter of pride. A lot of those people at that time didn’t want to be seen as speaking English. They preferred to speak their language.
Crazy Horse, a principal war chief of the Lakota Sioux, was born in 1842 near the present-day city of Rapid City, SD. Called “Curly” as a child, he was the son of an Oglala medicine man and his Brule wife, the sister of Spotted Tail.
Sioux Chief owner, Joe P. Ismert, says current activity involves the ground being leveled to make room for the new facility (projected to one day be in excess of 1,000,000 square-feet).
No Lakota leader comes out untarnished by that betrayal—Red Cloud, Spotted Tail ( Crazy Horse’s uncle ), American Horse, or Little Big Man. Only his close friends from the Hunkpapa—Touch the Clouds and several of his followers, stayed with Crazy Horse to his death.
Red Cloud was a booming, growing pioneer community that saw eight passenger trains a day come through its Burlington Depot. Garber and a group of local business men named the town Red Cloud in honor of the chief of the Oglala tribe of the Teton-Lakota Sioux.
The Nez Percé tribe was one of the most powerful in the Pacific Northwest and in the first half of the 19th century one of the most friendly to whites. Many Nez Percé, including Chief Joseph’s father, were converted to Christianity and Chief Joseph was educated in a mission school.
Sitting Bull, Lakota Tatanka Iyotake, (born c. 1831, near Grand River, Dakota Territory [now in South Dakota], U.S.—died December 15, 1890, on the Grand River in South Dakota), Teton Dakota Indian chief under whom the Sioux peoples united in their struggle for survival on the North American Great Plains. 5
In 1881 Red Cloud was removed as chief. Thereafter he declined in prestige and importance. His tribe was moved to the Pine Ridge Agency in South Dakota following the final Sioux War. He became blind in his later years and died at the Pine Ridge Agency on Dec.
He successfully resisted developments of the Bozeman trail through Montana territory and led the opposition against the development of a road through Wyoming and Montana for two years—a period that came to be known as Red Cloud’s War.