Biblical background. Jeroboam was the son of Nebat, a member of the Tribe of Ephraim of Zereda. His mother, named Zeruah (צרוע “leprous”) was a widow. He had at least two sons, Abijah and Nadab, who succeeded him on the throne.
Although both Finkelstein and Silberman accept that David and Solomon were real inhabitants of Judah about the 10th century BCE, they claim that the earliest independent reference to the Kingdom of Israel is about 890 BCE, and for Judah about 750 BCE.
They were named Asher, Dan, Ephraim, Gad, Issachar, Manasseh, Naphtali, Reuben, Simeon, and Zebulun —all sons or grandsons of Jacob. In 930 bc the 10 tribes formed the independent Kingdom of Israel in the north and the two other tribes, Judah and Benjamin, set up the Kingdom of Judah in the south.
According to the Hebrew Bible, the Kingdom of Judah resulted from the break-up of the United Kingdom of Israel (1020 to about 930 BCE) after the northern tribes refused to accept Rehoboam, the son of Solomon, as their king.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage.
According to the biblical account, Moses’ parents were from the tribe of Levi, one of the groups in Egypt called Hebrews.
“Yehuda” is the Hebrew term used for the area in modern Israel since the region was captured and occupied by Israel in 1967.
After the death of King Solomon (sometime around 930 B.C.) the kingdom split into a northern kingdom, which retained the name Israel and a southern kingdom called Judah, so named after the tribe of Judah that dominated the kingdom. Israel and Judah co-existed for about two centuries, often fighting against each other.
Instead, the people of Judah were exiled to Babylon about 586, but were eventually able to return and rebuild their nation. In time, the tribe of Judah became identified with the entire Hebrew nation and gave its name to the people known today as the Jews.
There it is said: Solomon was King of Israel when twelve years old, and Josiah in upright- ness when eight, likewise also Joash began to rule the people at seven years of age.
Tirzah (Hebrew: תִּרְצָה) was a town in the Samarian highlands northeast of Shechem; it is generally identified with the site of Tell el-Far’ah (North), northeast of modern city of Nablus, in the immediate vicinity of the Palestinian village of Wadi al-Far’a and the Far’a refugee camp, although Conder and Kitchener