Bowlegs was born into a family of hereditary chiefs descended from Cowkeeper of the Oconee tribe of the Seminole in the village of Cuscowilla on the Alachua savannah (present-day Payne’s Prairie, near Micanopy, Florida). His father’s name was Secoffee, while it is thought that the chief Micanopy was his uncle.
Seminole chief Billy Bowlegs, also known as Halpuda Micco, or “Alligator Chief,” was a leader during the early 19th century, a turbulent time for Native Americans, which saw multiple wars as well as the forced relocation of native populations to federally designated Indian Territory in the West.
Osceola, the most well-known leader of the Seminole Indians, was born in 1804, in a Creek town near Tallassee, present-day Tuskegee, Alabama. His Creek mother, Polly Copinger, was married to Englishman William Powell. Known throughout his youth as Billy Powell, Osceola’s early life remains relatively obscure.
Career. As an adult, he renamed himself after Billy Bowlegs (Holata Micco), the prominent Seminole chief during the Seminole Wars. A Black Indian, Bowlegs became an elder in the tribe. He learned and taught much about its history.
In 1858, Chief Wild Cat of the Western Seminole was sent to Bowlegs to convince him and his tribe to relocate. He was offered $10,000 for the move; warriors and other citizens were offered less. The band initially refused, but later the group, now consisting of 123 Indians, agreed to the relocation.
Sonuk Mikko, aka Billy Bowlegs, gained fame as a captain in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
He has two wives, one son, five daughters, fifty slaves, and a hundred thousand dollars in hard cash.
Osceola (1804 – January 30, 1838, Asi-yahola in Creek), named Billy Powell at birth in Alabama, became an influential leader of the Seminole people in Florida. His mother was Muscogee, and his great-grandfather was a Scotsman, James McQueen. He was reared by his mother in the Creek (Muscogee) tradition.
Osceola and Renegade are the official mascots of the Florida State University Seminoles. Osceola, representing the historical Seminole leader Osceola, and his Appaloosa horse Renegade introduce home football games by riding to midfield with a burning spear and planting it in the turf.
Seminole, North American Indian tribe of Creek origin who speak a Muskogean language. In the last half of the 18th century, migrants from the Creek towns of southern Georgia moved into northern Florida, the former territory of the Apalachee and Timucua.
Bowlegs, named for Seminole Chief Billy Bowlegs, was known as the toughest town in America in the mid-’20s. The town was established in 1849 by John Horse, a Seminole Freedman nicknamed “Gopher John.” In 1855, the Florida Seminoles established Wewoka as the Seminole Nation Capital.
At this special spiritual event, Seminoles participate in purification and manhood ceremonies, settle tribal disputes, and engage in hours of stomp dancing—a traditional style of Seminole dancing in which a medicine man leads a single file of chanting male dancers, followed by women dancers quietly shuffling along with