Lewis and Clark Meet the Shoshone. Shoshone men on horseback–the Corps needed their horses! In August 1805 Lewis and Clark were looking for the Shoshone Indians. The Corps (Lewis and Clark’s expedition party) needed horses to cross the Rockies and the Shoshone had them.
The bilingual Shoshone woman Sacagawea (c. 1788 – 1812) accompanied the Lewis and Clark Corps of Discovery expedition in 1805-06 from the northern plains through the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean and back. Her skills as a translator were invaluable, as was her intimate knowledge of some difficult terrain.
Lewis and Clark traveled throughout the territories of more than 100 different tribes and bands as they crossed the continent, starting in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, and ending near Astoria on the Oregon Coast, before the return trip.
Sacagawea is best known for her association with the Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–06). A Shoshone woman, she accompanied the expedition as an interpreter and traveled with them for thousands of miles from St Louis, Missouri, to the Pacific Northwest.
Sacagawea (/ˌsækədʒəˈwiːə/ or /səˌkɑːɡəˈweɪə/; also spelled Sakakawea or Sacajawea; May c. 1788 – December 20, 1812 or April 9, 1884) was a Lemhi Shoshone woman who, at age 16, helped the Lewis and Clark Expedition in achieving their chartered mission objectives by exploring the Louisiana Territory.
The Shawnee were one of the first tribes that Lewis and Clark encountered during their expedition, as the majestic Ohio River flowed through the heart of their homeland.
To show their gratitude for Mandan hospitality, Lewis and Clark gave the tribe a large iron corn mill for grinding grain into meal. In addition, the Expedition blacksmith, John Shields, made or fixed metal tomahawks and hoes in exchange for Mandan maize.
(The party took a route through the Walla Walla Valley on its return journey in April 1806. In fact, the Corps would use an ancient Nez Perce trail paralleling the Walla Walla River.) The evening of November 18, 1805, became a social occasion. Chief Yelleppit of the Walla Wallas offered scarce firewood.
Sacagawea, the Shoshone interpreter and guide to the Lewis and Clark expedition, gives birth to her first child, Jean Baptiste Charbonneau.
Throughout the expedition, Lewis and Clark had ran into Native Americans who lived on the land. Lewis and Clark were respectful towards the Native Americans. The explorers had gifted the Indian tribes to befriend them, treated the Native Americans’ health, and trusted the…show more content…
When she was approximately 12 years old, Sacagawea was captured by an enemy tribe, the Hidatsa, and taken from her Lemhi Shoshone people to the Hidatsa villages near present-day Bismarck, North Dakota.
His relationship with Clark was the culmination for Lewis of years of isolation, yearning and frustration. So important was this intense friendship that he felt a deep need to give it a name and a context — and to have the world in some way acknowledge its validity.