The Hupa are a tribe located in the northwestern part of California. Other names for the Hupa include: Nabiltse, Natano, and Trinity Indians. The Hoopa Tribe were named after the six-mile long Hoopa Valley located on their land.
The Hupas lived in rectangular cedar-plank houses with pitched roofs and chimneys. Usually these buildings were large and an extended family lived in each one.
Hupa (Yurok language term: Huep’oola’ / Huep’oolaa = “Hupa people”) are a Native American people of the Athabaskan-speaking ethnolinguistic group in northwestern California. Their endonym is Natinixwe, also spelled Natinook-wa, meaning ” People of the Place Where the Trails Return “.
The area where the Hupa lived had a mild climate, and heavy clothing was seldom necessary. Men wore a piece of deerskin or several smaller animal skins sewn together, around their hips. When more warmth was needed, robes made of animal skins were worn over the shoulders by both men and women.
The Hoopa Valley Reservation, located in Northern California, covers 144 square miles of montane forest ranging in elevation from 320 to 5,000 feet.
The Chumash population was between roughly 10,000 and 18,000 in the late 18th century.
Women and children slept in these houses while the men and older boys slept in separate buildings called sweathouses. For food, Hupa men fished for salmon and hunted deer and elk. Women gathered berries, roots, seeds, and especially acorns, which they ground into flour to make bread or mush.
One group of Hupa called themselves Natinixwe (pronounced Nah-tin-o-whey ) or Natinook-wa, meaning “the people of the place by the river to which the trails return.” A second group called themselves Tsnungwe, as they still do.
Hupa cultural leader Captain John is pictured seated in center under the regalia used in the White… | Native american tribes, Native american history, Native design.
Acorns were the main food of the Yurok, with fish (mostly salmon) also important to them. Deer were plentiful, and were caught with snares. Bulbs were dug in early summer, and seeds were gathered. Salt was furnished by a seaweed which was dried in round blackish cakes.
The Miwoks were hunter-gatherers. Miwok men hunted deer and small game and caught fish in the rivers and lakes. Miwok women gathered acorns and ground them into meal to make bread and fruits, as well as collecting berries, nuts, and other plants.
What kinds of weapons, hunting tools, and fishing gear did the Chumash Indians use? The Chumash used the bow and arrow beginning about 1,500 years ago. Before that, they used the spear thrower.
Religion The Hupa celebrated annual World Renewal ceremonies, for which shamans performed secret rites and dances such as the White Deerskin Dance and the Jumping Dance. This ceremony was held in specific locations for ten days in late summer or fall.