The Plateau Pit house was a winter shelter built by many tribes of the Plateau Native American cultural group including the Cayuse, Coeur d’Alene, Modoc, Yakama, Walla-Walla, Palouse and Nez Perce people.
Four of these tribes are the Yakama, Umatilla, Warm Springs, and Nez Perce. These tribes are known as “Plateau tribes” because their home is called the Columbia Plateau. The Plateau Indians are still here today. Many live in special areas called reservations that were set aside for them in the 1800s.
Some of the most fully documented pit houses were those constructed by the Nlaka’pamux of the Nicola Valley in southern British Columbia. During the 1890s, ethnologist James Teit carefully recorded the design, construction techniques and beliefs associated with the pit houses of this community.
Pit-houses were constructed in various areas of northern Europe between the 5th and 12th centuries AD. Note:Archaeological evidence demonstrates they were created in a shallow sub-rectangular hole and vary in depth. Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a location where many pit-houses have been found in India.
These tribes mainly live in parts of the Central and Southern Interior of British Columbia, northern Idaho, western Montana, eastern Washington, eastern Oregon, and northeastern California. The eastern flank of the Cascade Range lies within the territory of the Plateau peoples.
Known for its heterogeneity, the state has about 40 ethnic groups, including the Vergam, Ankwei, Angas, Jawara (Jarauci), Birom, Mango, Fulani, Hausa, and Eggen.
Pit houses were the winter underground dwellings of the Plateau people. The only entrance was at the top and it was reached by ladder. Pit houses were the winter underground dwellings of the Plateau people.
Construction of a pit house begins by excavating a pit into the earth, from a few centimeters to 1.5 meters (a few inches to five feet) deep. The roof of a pit house is generally flat and made of brush, thatch, or planks, and entry to the deepest houses was gained by way of a ladder through a hole in the roof.
Sonoran Desert, Mezhyrich and Central Ukraine. Explanation: Pithouses, also called pit structures, were the most common form of Native American dwelling found in the Sonoran Desert from at least 4,000 years ago into the 1400s.
Answer: Pit-houses were built by people by digging into the ground, with steps leading into them. They have been found in Burzahom.
Definition: A Pit House was a type of semi subterranean dwelling, built half below the surface of the ground in a deep hole or pit, made with a log frame with the walls and roof being covered with grass, sticks, bark, brush that was covered with earth.
The correct answer is option (d). Explanation: Burzahom was the first Neolithic site discovered in Kashmir. The pits found were wide at the base and narrow at the top. The houses had a roof over the pits for shelter.
Burzahom in Srinagar, Kashmir is a site where many pit-houses have been found. Stone tools were used to dig circular pits in the ground, which were then plastered on the sides using mud. Pit-houses were made to enable the early humans to withstand the cold.
The western Pueblo tribes included the Hopi (Uto-Aztecan; see also Hopi language), Hano (Tanoan), Zuni (Penutian), and Acoma and Laguna (Keresan). The Navajo and the closely related Apache spoke Athabaskan languages. The Navajo lived on the Colorado Plateau near the Hopi villages.
Unlike the Plateau Indians the Coastal Indians weren’t nomadic so they had permanent structures call longhouses which werer 40 to a 100ft long and 20 to 30ft wide. The Plateau Indians had teepees. Teepees were cone shaped shelters that are moviable. The Plateau Indians also had a shelter called the pit house.