Goat, lamb and mutton are the most commonly eaten meats in India. Muslims and Christians might eat beef as well.
What meat do the Hindus not eat?
The majority of meats consumed in India are fish, bovine (cow and buffalo), mutton, goat, pig, and poultry.
All of India’s most widely practiced religions have dietary laws and traditions. For example, Hindu texts often praise vegetarianism, and Hindus may also avoid eating beef because cows are traditionally viewed as sacred. Muslim teachings, meanwhile, prohibit pork.
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Hindus in India generally refrain from eating pork, although there are no religious strictures against doing so. Rather, it is more cultural owing to the fact that these faiths espouse vegetarianism and compassion for all animals. So, they observe an “unwritten” ban on consuming pork and beef.
Hindus who do eat meat, often distinguish all other meat from beef. The respect for cow is part of Hindu belief, and most Hindus avoid meat sourced from cow as cows are treated as a motherly giving animal, considered as another member of the family.
Squat toilets in India don’t use toilet paper but rather water to rinse areas that come into contact with wastes. Because toilet paper typically isn’t used, a spray hose or a bucket of water is the only source.
Pork is generally not preferred by Hindus. They mostly eat Chicken and Mutton. Other type of meat is not preferred by many Hindus but there is no prohibition of pork for Hindus.
Qur’an mentioned that Allah prohibits eating the flesh of swine, because it is a SIN and an IMPIETY (Rijss).
Among the various meats consumed in India, chicken and fish have the highest consumption rate per capita, according to a National Sample Survey conducted in 2012.
“If we look at traditional Indian cuisines and eating habits across the country, duck has always been consumed in Southern India especially amongst the Syrian Christian Community,” says Shukla. Khetle adds, “They have a larger flavour profile making them great alternatives for chicken.
Hinduism does not have a central authority which is followed by all Hindus, though religious texts forbid the use or consumption of alcohol.
You shouldn’t eat ones that dive and feed on fish. You are also allowed to eat the flesh of animals that have 5-claws/nails and those that have teeth on one jaw (with the exception of camels, which are taboo) (5.18). The Bhagavad Gita (17.8-10) also has some things to say on food.
Currently China is the world’s largest pork consumer, with pork consumption expected to total 53 million metric tons in 2012, which accounts for more than half of global pork consumption.