The Ojibwe were very resourceful using what was available from their environment as building materials and for household items. For example, birch bark was used for almost everything: utensils, storage containers, and canoes. Birch bark was also used as a building material to cover the wigwam.
Beadwork is created with glass beads, tiny stones, and pieces of copper, silver and animal bones. Native American women also sew the beads into decorative patterns in clothing, moccasins, pouches and headdresses. Some of the most popular pieces of Ojibwe artwork are dream catchers.
Centuries ago, the Ojibwe adapted to the climate by moving with the seasons. In the spring, they set up camp in the woods to tap sugar maple trees. In summer, they hunted, fished and gathered within a 50-mile radius of their villages, and in the fall they camped next to wild rice beds for the rice harvest.
Other traditional Ojibway crafts include Native American baskets and birch bark boxes. Like other eastern American Indians, the Ojibways also crafted wampum out of white and purple shell beads. Wampum beads were traded as a kind of currency, but they were more culturally important as an art material.
The Ojibwe realized that cattail roots made great food. They dug them up, boiled them, and ate them like po- tatoes. They also dug wild onions and picked grapes, butternuts, hazelnuts, and many kinds of berries. Since they didn’t have freezers or re- frigerators, they dried and stored most of their foods.
The Ojibwa have made a number of significant contributions to American life: they discovered maple sugar and wild rice and invented hammocks, snowshoes, canoeing, and lacrosse. The English language contains a number of Ojibwa words (moccasin, moose) and place-names (Mackinaw, Michigan, Mesabi).
Ojibwa tea stimulates the release of anti-inflammatory compounds within the body. By doing so, it helps the body fight against inflammation that is mostly caused due to a weak immune system and helps counter the pain caused by arthritis, cancer, and other illnesses.
This was described as ” an Indian encampment amongst the islands of Lake Huron; the wigwams are made of birch-bark, stripped from the trees in large pieces and sewed together with long fibrous roots; when the birch tree cannot be conveniently had, they weave rushes into mats … for covering, which are stretched round in
Despite considerable contact and intermarriage with Whites, many traditional practices survive in the strong use of the Ojibwe language as well as religious practices, oral tradition, knowledge of herbal medicines, traditional crafts, and continued reliance on maple sugaring and collecting wild rice.
A wigwam, wickiup, wetu (Wampanoag), or wiigiwaam (Ojibwe) is a semi-permanent domed dwelling formerly used by certain Native American tribes and First Nations people and still used for ceremonial events.
Wigwams had a cone shape (or a dome shape among some Subarctic Indigenous peoples) and were typically made out of wood. Sometimes, animal hides would cover the outer walls of the structure.
Clothing and Appearance In the past, Ojibwe women wore long hide dresses while Ojibwe men wore breechcloths and leggings. Both men and women wore moccasins on their feet, which often were made of animal hide.
Prior to this, the Ojibwe boiled thousands of gallons of maple sap in kettles made of birch bark or copper. Once they had collected the sap in kettles, Ojibwe people boiled it down into granulated sugar, which was used as the primary seasoning in food.
The Southern Ojibwa Women were responsible for the farming and food production although men helped clear space in the forest for planting. Hunting, fishing and foraging were still part of the daily routine but the diet was expanded to include vegetable like corn and squash.
The principal crops were corn, pumpkins, and squash. The Ojibwe had potatoes, the seeds for which had been introduced by traders on Lake Superior in the latter part of the 18th century. The corn was planted in hills with the pumpkins and squash planted around the hills of corn.