The Wichita people or Kitikiti’sh are a confederation of Southern Plains Native American tribes. Historically they spoke the Wichita language and Kichai language, both Caddoan languages. They are indigenous to Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas.
Wichita Consonants Like qu in queen. Sometimes it sounds more like a rounded k sound. Like p in spill. Like the r in Spanish pero, somewhat like the tt in American English butter.
That means that some time in the past– probably on the order of 800 to 1200 years ago — the ancestors of these four tribe lived together and spoke one language, which then developed differently among the different groups after they were no longer living together.
Wichita, self-name Kitikiti’sh, North American Indian people of Caddoan linguistic stock who originally lived near the Arkansas River in what is now the state of Kansas. They were encountered by the Spanish in the mid-16th century and became the first group of Plains Indians subject to missionization.
These included the Taovayas, Tawakonis, Iscanis-Wacos, and the Wichitas proper. Historically, Wichita is most closely related to the Northern Caddoan subfamily languages of Kitsai and Pawnee and is more distantly related to Caddo of Proto-Caddoan derivation.
Wichita is an extinct Caddoan language once spoken in Oklahoma by the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes. The last fluent heritage speaker, Doris Lamar-McLemore, died in 2016, although in 2007 there were three first-language speakers alive.
Today, Wichita tribes, which include the Kichai people, Waco, Taovaya, Tawakoni, and the Wichita proper (or Guichita, are federally recognized as the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco and Tawakoni).
Wichita, Kansas, owes its name to the early presence of the tribe in that area. Slightly darker in color than other native people of Texas, the Wichitas were distinguished by their elaborate tattoos, the scalp-lock worn by the men, and the custom of the women to remain nude from the waist up.
They do the same things all children do –play with each other, go to school and help around the house. Many Wichita children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play in their daily lives, just like colonial children.
“Wichita” is evidently derived from the Choctaw word Wia chitch, meaning “big arbor” in reference to the Wichita’s large grass lodges, which resembled haystacks.
/ ˈwɪtʃ ɪˌtɔ / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun, plural Wich·i·tas for 1. a member of a tribe of North American Indians, originally of Kansas but relocated in Oklahoma after the Civil War. the Caddoan language of the Wichita.
They came across the Wichita living on the Red River. He painted a few pictures of them and said they were not like other Plains Indians because they were darker, shorter and stockier. He also said they had many tattoos on their faces and bodies.
They grew corn, beans, melons, tobacco, pumpkins, squash, gourds, and plums. They also gathered fruits and nuts. Although they lived near rivers the Wichita did not eat fish. After the harvest had been gathered in the fall women roasted and dried corn and pumpkin.
When first encountered by Francisco Vasquez de Coronado in 1541, the Quiviran ancestors of the Wichita were following a way of life that continued into the eighteenth century.