The Ottawa language, also known as Odawa, is one of the many language varieties making up what is commonly known as Ojibwe. These languages are still spoken across Canada and the northern United States. Ottawa is a member of the Central Algonquian branch of the Algic language family.
Ottawa, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians whose original territory focused on the Ottawa River, the French River, and Georgian Bay, in present northern Michigan, U.S., and southeastern Ontario and southwestern Quebec, Canada.
The Ottawa [Or Odawa, Canadian] originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time of European arrival in the early 1600s. Their historic homelands also included Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, and what is now Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.
Odawa (or Ottawa) are an Algonquian-speaking people (see Indigenous Languages in Canada) living north of the Huron-Wendat at the time of French penetration to the Upper Great Lakes. A tradition of the Odawa, shared by the Ojibwa and Potawatomi, states that these three groups were once one people.
Today there more than 10,000 Ottawa in the United States, with the majority in Michigan. Another several thousand live in Ontario, Canada.
Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains.
The history of the Ottawa Indians places them, at the first contact with Europeans, in what was to become Ontario, Canada in the 1600s. They are usually associated with Manitoulin Island and the shores of Georgian Bay in Lake Huron, in what is now the Province of Ontario.
The Ottawa Indians originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time when European settles first arrived in the early 1600s. They moved into northern Ohio around 1740.
The Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma is made up of descendants of the Ottawa who, after migrating from Canada into Michigan, agreed to live in the area around Fort Detroit and Maumee River in Ohio. After the passage of the Indian Removal Bill in 1830 they were removed to villages in Ohio, Illinois, and Michigan.
Ottawa, Canada The name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word “adawe”, which means “to trade”. The settlement was originally incorporated as Bytown in 1850. The name was changed to Ottawa in 1855.
The city offers municipal services in both of Canada’s official languages ( Canadian English and Canadian French ). Nearly 300,000 people, or 37% of Ottawa’s population, can speak both languages. As such it is the largest city in Canada where municipal services are offered in both English and French.
In the mid-17th century the Odawa allied with other Algonquian tribes around the Great Lakes against the powerful Mohawk (of present-day New York) and their Iroquois allies in the Beaver Wars.