Inuktitut is an Indigenous language in North America spoken in the Canadian Arctic. The 2016 census reported 39,770 speakers, of which 65 per cent lived in Nunavut and 30.8 per cent in Quebec. Inuktitut is part of a larger Inuit language continuum (a series of dialects) stretching from Alaska to Greenland.
There are five main Inuit language dialects spoken throughout Canada: Inuvialuktun, Inuinnaqtun, and three different dialects of Inuktitut. In this fact sheet, these dialects are collectively known as the Inuit language. While some dialects have many speakers, others have a smaller number.
Atelihai, pronounced ahh-tee-lee-hi, is the Inuktitut word for “hello” or “welcome.”
The language of the Inuit is an Eskimo–Aleut language. It is fairly closely related to the Yupik languages and more remotely to the Aleut language. These cousin languages are all spoken in Western Alaska and Eastern Chukotka, Russia.
In Nunavut, the majority of the population is Inuit. The majority mother-tongue spoken is Inuktuk, a language that is not an official language of the nation of Canada. But of the 43 schools across Nunavut, all the schools operate in English, except for one in Iqaluit: it operates in French.
Nunavut could be considered an “area of contact” between language groups. In the territory, Inuktitut and English are predominant; Inuinnaqtun and French are also present, as are Inuvialuktun and other Inuit languages.
Increased melanin made their skin become darker. As early humans started migrating north into Europe and east into Asia, they were exposed to different amounts of sun. So despite their chilly climate and lack of sun exposure, it’s the Inuit diet that has kept them in their natural glow.
Mamaqtuq! Mamaqtuq! means “delicious ”. This delightful Inuit board book tells a simple story of hunting all day for seal, running out of provisions and finally finding and catching a seal. It is written in Inuktitut and English, appropriately, at an early reader level.
Actually, Inuktitut isn’t a difficult language to learn. It can be learned, should be learned, and must be learned.
Speaking Inuktitut While almost everyone in Iqaluit speaks English, we encourage our guests from the South to embrace the culture and preserve the Inuktitut language.
In traditional times, Inuit messages were passed through personal contact. Communications have played a special role in the North. In traditional times, Inuit messages were passed through personal contact.
Generally, in Canada the term Eskimo should be considered offensive and the term Inuit is preferred. The term Eskimo has largely been replaced by Inuit in Canada, and Inuit is used officially by the Canadian government. Many Inuit people consider Eskimo to be a derogatory term.
Yupik, a dialectal form meaning “real person,” includes five languages: Central Alaskan Yupik, spoken southward from Norton Sound; Pacific Yupik, commonly called Alutiiq, spoken from the Alaska Peninsula eastward to Prince William Sound; Naukanski Siberian Yupik, whose speakers were resettled southward from Cape
In Nunavut, the “Inuit Language” is an official language, along with English and French. Interestingly, which “Inuit Language” is official depends in which geographical area of the territory you are: In the northeast (around Kugluktuk, Cambridge Bay, and the Bathurst Inlet area), Iniunnaqtun is the official language.