The Karankawa Indians are an American Indian cultural group whose traditional homelands are located along Texas’s Gulf Coast from Galveston Bay southwestwardly to Corpus Christi Bay. The name Karankawa became the accepted designation for several groups of coastal people who shared a common language and culture.
The Karankawa Indians were a group of now-extinct tribes who lived along the Gulf of Mexico in what is today Texas. Archaeologists have traced the Karankawas back at least 2,000 years. The tribes were nomadic, ranging from Galveston Bay to Corpus Christi Bay and as far as 100 miles (160 km) inland.
Karankawa, several groups of North American Indians that lived along the Gulf of Mexico in Texas, from about Galveston Bay to Corpus Christi Bay.
The Karankawa Indians lived along the Texas coast of the Gulf of Mexico. See the map. Their territory was from the west end of Galveston Island down the coast to where Corpus Christie is today. There were several bands, or maybe even several tribes.
Considered the most “savage” and fearsome of all the Texan Indian tribes, the Karankawa were a group of people indigenous to the Gulf Coast of Texas who spoke the same language and shared a similar culture. The Karankawa were not a single tribe, but were a conglomeration of many.
The Karankawa descendants now call themselves Karankawa Kadla, living still in Texas along the Gulf Coast, Austin and Houston, Texas. Their language has been kept alive and they are revitalizing their culture.
There is little known about the Karankawa Religious beliefs except for their festivals and Mitote, a ceremony performed after a great victory in battle. The festivals were performed during a full moon, after a successful hunting or fishing expedition in a large tent with a burning fire in the middle.
Among the Southeast Indians were the Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole, which are sometimes called the Five Civilized Tribes. Other prominent tribes included the Natchez, Caddo, Apalachee, Timucua, and Guale.
The Akokisa were the indigenous tribe that lived on Galveston Bay and the lower Trinity and San Jacinto rivers in Texas, primarily in the present-day Greater Houston area. They are regarded as a band of the Atakapa Indians, closely related to the Atakapa of Lake Charles, Louisiana.
Eastern Woodland Native Americans commonly lived in wigwams or wickiups. The frame was made of willow saplings. The frame was also covered with woven cattail mats or bark. A fire pit would have been located in the middle and bedding on the floor or on raised bed frames made of sticks.
There are no Jumano villages in Texas today. A small number of Jumano descendants still live in Texas. horses became a sign of wealth. The Comanche moved farther south in search of more buffalo and more horses.
Joseph María, the Most Prominent Karankawa Chief During the Karankawa-Spanish War (1778-1789) – Karankawas.
Karankawas were known for their distinctive physical appearance. In the sixteenth and seventeenth century the men were described as tall and muscular, and during the summer wore deerskin breechcloths or nothing at all. Come winter, these Indians donned buffalo and deer robes for warmth.
The early Coahuiltecans lived in the coastal plain in northeastern Mexico and southern Texas. The plain includes the northern Gulf Coastal Lowlands in Mexico and the southern Gulf Coastal Plain in the United States.
Their homes were simple structures made from willow sticks and hides, grasses, palm fronds or leafed branches. The structure was called a ba-ak. They were nomadic and rarely took their homes with them. They made simple crafts, such as flutes and rattles.