They lived in villages of small oval houses with walls made of woven reeds. Each Miami village also had a larger wooden council house. Today, Native Americans only build a reed house for fun or to connect with their heritage, not for shelter. Most Miamis live in modern houses and apartment buildings, just like you.
The present Miami Tribe of Oklahoma was incorporated in 1940. The early Miami were known for growing a unique variety of white corn. They celebrated harvests and green corn time with feasts. Games played included the moccasin game, the double ball game, and darts.
Miami social organization was based on exogamous, or out-marrying, clans. At the time of the first French contact, the Miami were divided into six bands, of which two, the Wea and the Piankashaw, later became separate tribes.
The sovereign Miami Tribe of Oklahoma is based in Miami, Oklahoma in the northeastern corner of the state. The population of the Nation is approximately 4,400, and citizens can be found living in all 50 states as well as outside the boundaries of the United States.
Religious Beliefs. Miami religion centered around Individual and group attempts to gain power from spirits known as manitous. The Miami believed that manitous roamed the world and could take the form of humans, animals, and Perhaps even plants or nuts.
Today the Oklahoma-based Miami tribe has about 5,600 enrolled members. However many other Indiana-based Miami still consider themselves a separate group that has been unfairly denied separate federal recognition.
They grew food crops which included beans, corn, and squash. The Miami Tribesmen were expert hunters and they mostly hunted wild buffaloes. They used fire to drive the buffalo towards the hunters. Using the food crop and hunted animals, the Miami Tribe used to cook cornbread, soup, and stews to eat.
Choctaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock that traditionally lived in what is now southeastern Mississippi.
Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by a long association with the Seneca and Delaware.
Miami is named after the Mayaimi, a Native American tribe that lived around Lake Okeechobee until the 17th or 18th century. The Spanish established a mission and small garrison among the Tequesta on Biscayne Bay in 1567.
After the Beaver Wars ended in 1701, the Miami Indians migrated to the region occupying the southern end of Lake Michigan, which consisted of present day northern Indiana and Illinois. They mainly settled in Kekionga, which is now Fort Wayne, Indiana.
The word Miami is related to the word Myaamia. Myaamia means “ downstream person” though we often translate it into the plural “people.” In the distant past, this was a term that other indigenous peoples applied to us, but over time we began to use it for ourselves.
The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from trees. The male of the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam. Mary Rowlandson uses the term Wigwam in reference to the dwelling places of the Native Americans that she stayed with while in their captivity during King Philip’s War in 1675.
Among the peoples known as the Great Lakes tribes, it occupied territory that is now identified as Indiana, southwest Michigan, and western Ohio. By 1846, most of the Miami had been removed to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma).
Burial underground seemed to be foreign to their thinking. When they finally adopted this custom they dug shallow graves. In these they placed a warrior’s favorite blankets, war accouterments and weapons. Having killed his dog or best pony it was placed upon the grave.
Across North America it was known as the French and Indian Wars in which some of the indigenous groups sided with either the British or French. The Miamis allied themselves with the French. The Iroquois sided with the British.