Homes. The Algonquins and Great Lake tribes lived in villages which usually had eight or nine hundred Indians. In the village the Indians built dome-shaped wigwams which they made from saplings covered with birch, chestnut, oak, or elm. The Indians placed bark and animal hides over the roof of their wigwams.
The Algonquins didn’t live in tepees. For most of the year they lived in settled villages of birchbark houses, called waginogans or wigwams. Algonquin wigwams were usually dome-shaped and not very large– only a single family unit lived in each one.
A pikogan (this is also the name of an Algonquin community) was conical in shape with an opening at the top, while the wigwam was built as a rounded dome. The bottom was covered with branches of fir or cedar to create an insulator and keep the shelter dry.
Before colonization by the French, Dutch, and English, the Algonquin were probably organized in bands of patrilineal extended families. Each band resided in a semipermanent longhouse village during the summer, tending gardens of corn (maize), fishing, and collecting wild plant foods.
A wigwam was a type of house used mainly by Algonquian peoples but also other Indigenous peoples in the eastern half of North America in precolonial days. Wigwams had a cone shape (or a dome shape among some Subarctic Indigenous peoples) and were typically made out of wood.
Archaeological information indicates that Algonquin people have lived in the Ottawa Valley for at least 8,000 years before the Europeans arrived in North America.
Wigwams (or wetus) are Native American houses used by Algonquian Indians in the woodland regions. Sometimes they are also known as birchbark houses. Wigwams are small houses, usually 8-10 feet tall. Wigwams are made of wooden frames which are covered with woven mats and sheets of birchbark.
The Fox tribe lived in two different shelters, the longhouse and the wigwam, a temporary shelter that was used by Algonquian speaking Native Indian tribes who lived in the woodland regions. The Fox longhouses were built from birch bark.
Native Americans used a wide variety of homes, the most well-known ones are: Longhouses, Wigwams, Tipis, Chickees, Adobe Houses, Igloos, Grass Houses and Wattle and Daub houses.
Different tribes and peoples built different types of homes. What kinds of homes they lived in depended on the materials that they had available where they lived. It also depended on the kind of lifestyle that they lived as well as the environment. Some tribes were nomads.
Potawatomi villages usually included a sweat lodge, meat-drying huts, and a ballfield. Today, Native Americans only build a wigwam or lodge for fun or for ritual purposes, not for shelter. Most Potawatomis live in modern houses and apartment buildings, just like you. What was Potawatomi clothing like?
The names of the Algonquian tribes who lived in the wigwam style house included the Wampanoag, Shawnee, Abenaki, Sauk, Fox (Meskwaki), Pequot, Narragansett, Kickapoo, Ojibwe (Chippewa) and Otoe (Winnebago). Wigwams were suitable for tribes who stayed in the same place for months at a time.
Most Algonquins live in Quebec. The nine Algonquin bands in that province and one in Ontario have a combined population of about 11,000. The Algonquin are original natives of southern Quebec and eastern Ontario in Canada. Today they live in nine communities in Quebec and one in Ontario.
The large houses varied in size and ranged from 20 to 60 feet wide and from 50 to 150 feet long. The men split slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees and stripped off the branches. The strong log framework of the Plank House usually consisted of 8 main posts that were peg-joined to 4-6 roof beams.
The traditional territory of the Algonquin people has always included the Ottawa Valley and adjacent lands, straddling the border between what is now Quebec and Ontario. Unlike most of Ontario and the Prairies, Algonquin territory has never been dealt with by a land-sharing Treaty. Algonquin title continues to exist.
The Algonquian people were nomadic; in other words, they had no fixed homes. In the summer, they formed large groups and settled near a river or lake. They spent the entire summer in one place and ate the fish they caught. In the winter months when the lakes and rivers were frozen, they moved and settled in the forest.