The Osage hunted a variety of animals for food including bison, deer, and elk. They also farmed vegetables such as corn, beans, and squash.
If you’d like to know an easy Osage word, “howa” (pronounced hoh-wah) is a friendly greeting.
The Osage made two varieties of sausage. They washed and inverted the intestines of a bison and stuffed them with strips of meat with added water. This sausage was cooked over charcoal embers.
The Osage hunted buffalo, but much of their food came from plants and small animals they could kill near their homes. They had gardens where they grew corn, beans, squash, and pumpkins.
Osages hunted wild game such as bison, elk and deer. There were two bison hunts a year, one in the summer and one in the fall.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
The Osages speak a Dhegiha Siouan language that is related to the Quapaw, Kaw, Ponca and Omaha.
Osages gathered wild foods such as paw paws, acorns, walnuts, prickly pear cactus, onions, berries, prairie turnips, persimmons, and yonkapins. Many of these foods were gathered in large amounts. Some gathered food was cooked and eaten immediately, and some was dried and stored for winter use.
Traditional Osage culture was typical of many Plains Indians and involved a combination of village-based agriculture and nomadic bison hunting. Other important game animals were deer, bear, and beaver. Tepees were used during the hunting season.
The Kansas had a varied diet. Kansa men worked together to hunt buffalo, and also shot deer and other small game. Kansa women raised crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. The Kansas also gathered wild foods such as potatoes, roots, and berries.
While the Osage people are no longer among the richest people, the effects of the oil industry are still felt today. Many Osages still receive their quarterly royalty payments, known today as headrights.
Despite their fierce reputation, however, the Osage were always friendly with the French and later American residents of St. Louis. They were happy to advise Lewis and Clark and never waged war against the United States.
: What was the religion of the Osage Tribe?
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.
What weapons did the Osage use? The weapons used by the tribe included muskets, lances, knives, hatchets, tomahawks and strong bows and arrows made of Osage Orangewood.