The Apache ate a wide variety of food, but their main staple was corn, also called maize, and meat from the buffalo. They also gathered food such as berries and acorns. Another traditional food was roasted agave, which was roasted for many days in a pit. Some Apaches hunted other animals like deer and rabbits.
The Western Apache were hunters and gatherers. The agave plant was prepared by trimming the heads of the spines, cooking them in a fire pit, after which they were rolled into flat sheets and dried in the sun.
Small game, such as rabbit was a staple part of their diet together with corn, sheep and goats that they often traded with the farming Native Indians that lived in the Southwest. Other food items included beans, sunflower seeds and squash. The Apache tribe were a resourceful people and could subsist on herbs and roots.
Apache women traditionally wore a 2-piece buckskin outfit with a poncho like blouse decorated with fringe on the side. It would feature a circular yoke with metal jingles on the edges. The top was made from one buckskin hide. Designs of triangles or half circle shapes were cut into the front and back of the top.
Traditional Apache brews – corn beer and maguey wine – did not keep well and had to be consumed soon after they were ready in order to avoid spoilage. Hence, drinking was a social activity and when the brew was ready it was enjoyed by all.
While some Apache ate pork if no other meat was available, most would not eat pork or bacon. The Apache also did not eat fish, as fish were also considered unclean.
The Apache tribe was a nomadic group, and their lives revolved around the buffalo. They wore buffalo skins, slept in buffalo-hide tents, and ate buffalo for their sustenance. They were one of the first Indian tribes to learn to ride horses, and they quickly began using horses in order to hunt the buffalo.
Today most of the Apache live on five reservations: three in Arizona (the Fort Apache, the San Carlos Apache, and the Tonto Apache Reservations); and two in New Mexico (the Mescalero and the Jicarilla Apache). About 15,000 Apache Indians live on this reservation.
Whether they were farming tribes or not, most Native American tribes had very meat-heavy diets. Favorite meats included buffalo, elk, caribou, deer, and rabbit; salmon and other fish; ducks, geese, turkeys and other birds; clams and other shellfish; and marine mammals like seals or even whales.
Food was gathered according to the season. The Apache diet included a variety of game, berries, and nuts. Nuts were eaten fresh, or they were roasted, ground into flour using a metate and mano, then baked as bread.
The Western Apache language is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken among the 14,000 Western Apaches in east central Arizona.
The Apache did not grow food. They were hunters and gatherers. They used bows and arrows to kill deer and rabbits and other game. The women gathered berries, nuts, corn, and other fruits and vegetables.
The members of the Cahokia tribal group apparently drank the liquid from beakers that look remarkably like present day coffee cups. This is the first time researchers have scientifically documented that Native Americans were drinking Black Drink long before contact with Europeans.
Firewater meaning High proof alcohol, especially whiskey (especially in the context of its sale to or consumption by Native Americans). noun. High temperature hydraulic condensate discharged from industrial boilers.
Apache is pronounced “uh-PAH-chee.” It means “enemy” in the language of their Zuni neighbors. The Apaches’ own name for themselves was traditionally Nde or Ndee (meaning “the people”), but today most Apache people use the word “Apache” themselves, even when they are speaking their own language.