The Nez Perce Tribe is a federally recognized tribe in north-central Idaho with more than 3,500 enrolled citizens. Headquartered in Lapwai, ID, the Nez Perce Reservation spans about 770,000 acres. The current governmental structure is based on a constitution adopted by the tribe in 1948.
The Nez Perce were famous for being excellent horsemen and for breeding fine horses. They are credited with creating the Appaloosa horse breed. There were around 12,000 Nez Perce in 1805, but the population declined to less than 2,000 by the early 1900s.
Today, the Nez Perce Indian Reservation consists of 750,000 acres, of which the tribe or tribal members own 13 percent. The tribe, with an enrolled membership of about 3,500 (2011), is headquartered in Lapwai, Idaho. The management of land and natural resources continues to be paramount for the Nez Perce.
Nez Percé, self-name Nimi’ipuu, North American Indian people whose traditional territory centred on the lower Snake River and such tributaries as the Salmon and Clearwater rivers in what is now northeastern Oregon, southeastern Washington, and central Idaho, U.S. They were the largest, most powerful, and best-known of
Nez Perce was the name given them by French Canadian fur trappers in the 18th century. Certain names stand out. Chief Joseph is known for his involvement in the Nez Perce War of 1877, the longest and final Indian war in the region.
The religion and beliefs of the Nez Perce tribe was based on Animism that encompassed the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects animals, plants, trees, rivers, mountains rocks etc have souls or spirits.
The horse brought many changes to the Nez Perces. The people could now travel farther and for longer periods of time, transporting more supplies, trade goods, and provisions, as well as longer tipi poles for larger and roomier portable lodges.
Very few Ute people are left and now primarily live in Utah and Colorado, within three Ute tribal reservations: Uintah-Ouray in northeastern Utah (3,500 members); Southern Ute in Colorado (1,500 members); and Ute Mountain which primarily lies in Colorado, but extends to Utah and New Mexico (2,000 members).
On October 5, 1877, his speech, as he surrendered to General Howard, immortalized him in American history forever: “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed.
The Native Americans in the reservations also make several profit out of their tribal land, for example they are allowed to rent it to industry and enterprises or private tenants, and they are free to pursue farming, stock-breeding, fishing and hunting.
[ adj ] capable of being apprehended or understood. [ adj ] capable of being perceived especially by sight or hearing; ” perceivable through the mist ”
The Nez Perce and other tribes called their beautiful portable homes “tipis.” You will often see the word spelled tepees or teepees, but the correct spelling is tipi. It means “living place.” Tipis were made from buffalo skins held up by poles.
There are five federally recognized tribes located in the state of Idaho: the Shoshone-Bannock, the Shoshone-Paiute, the Coeur d’Alene, the Kootenai, and the Nez Perce.
Chief Joseph (1840-1904) was a leader of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce Tribe, who became famous in 1877 for leading his people on an epic flight across the Rocky Mountains. It was Joseph who finally surrendered the decimated band to federal troops near the Canadian border in Montana.
A: Although the boundaries of the Reservation include 784,999 acres, only about 13% is now owned by the Tribe or tribal members. Most of the land passed into non-Indian hands after the Dawes Allotment Act of 1887.
The Nez Perce, not the federal government, would manage the land as a wildlife preserve; no one would live on the land, though it would be open to the public and available for limited recreational use.