The Passamaquoddy and Penobscot Indians were among the first Native Americans to have contact with Europeans. The wide bays along the Maine coast attracted the attention of fishermen and explorers searching for a sea route through the continent as early as the sixteenth century.
Like other Algonquian peoples, lived in wigwams covered with the bark of birch trees and were a hunting and gathering society. The men hunted beaver, otters, moose, bears, caribou, and birds and fished in the rivers and the ocean. The women gathered and bird eggs, berries, nuts, roots, and sap from maple trees.
The tribe of Judah settled in the region south of Jerusalem and in time became the most powerful and most important tribe. Not only did it produce the great kings David and Solomon but also, it was prophesied, the Messiah would come from among its members.
Passamaquoddy, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians who lived on Passamaquoddy Bay, the St. Croix River, and Schoodic Lake on the boundary between what are now Maine, U.S., and New Brunswick, Can.
They do the same things any children do–play with each other, go to school and help around the house. Many Passamaquoddy children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play, just like early colonial children.
How do Penobscot Indian children live and what did they do in the past? They do the same things all children do–play with each other, go to school and help around the house. Many Penobscot children go hunting and fishing with their fathers, and some like to paddle canoes.
Europeans first encountered the Penobscot early in the 16th century; a French mission was established among them in 1688. The Penobscot assisted the French against the English in all the wars on the New England frontier until 1749, when they made peace with the English.
The tribe of Judah became one of the most important because it was the tribe of the monarchy, or rulership under one royal leader, when the ancient kingdom of Israel was established around the 11th century BCE. Most of its rulers, including David and Solomon, came from this tribe.
In Matthew 1:1–6 and Luke 3:31–34 of the New Testament, Jesus is described as a member of the tribe of Judah by lineage. Revelation 5:5 also mentions an apocalyptic vision of the Lion of the tribe of Judah.
The Lakota, or Western Sioux (also known as the Teton Sioux), were the largest Sioux tribal group, made up of seven bands.
The Passamaquoddy Nation has a strong connection with their ancestors and burial grounds, believing that the dead should be honored and cared for similarly to living relatives. If a Passamaquoddy ancestor is not resting in peace, living Passamaquoddies cannot rest either (Ibsgwatch).
They are the first tribe first encountered by the Mayflower Pilgrims when they landed in Provincetown Harbor and explored the eastern coast of Cape Cod and when they continued on to Patuxet (Plymouth) to establish Plymouth Colony.
While the Passamaquoddy population in Canada is much smaller than that in Maine, it has a formal structure and a chief, Hugh Akagi. Most of its people speak French and English. It is not recognized by the Canadian government as constituting a First Nation.
Passamaquoddy Bay, inlet of the Bay of Fundy (Atlantic Ocean), between southwestern New Brunswick, Can., and southeastern Maine, U.S., at the mouth of the St. Croix River. Deer Island and Campobello Island are in its southern part.