With an estimated 35 million people in total, Yoruba is undeniably the largest ethnic group in Africa.
With 45 million people, the Igbo is the second most populous ethnic group in Africa. Trailing the Igbo is the Yoruba tribe, which has 44 million people.
The Bafokeng tribe, which owns much of the land in the study area and receives significant royalties from the mines, is said to be ‘the richest tribe in Africa’ ( Manson and Mbenga, 2003 ).
The largest tribe today is the Guarani, numbering 51,000, but they have very little land left. During the past 100 years almost all their land has been stolen from them and turned into vast, dry networks of cattle ranches, soya fields and sugar cane plantations.
The San tribe has been living in Southern Africa for at least 30,000 years and they are believed to be not only the oldest African tribe, but quite possibly the world’s most ancient race. The San have the most diverse and distinct DNA than any other indigenous African group.
Bambuti, also called Mbuti, a group of Pygmies of the Ituri Forest of eastern Congo (Kinshasa). They are the shortest group of Pygmies in Africa, averaging under 4 feet 6 inches (137 cm) in height, and are perhaps the most famous.
Remarkably, all of the tribes on this list are still around and practicing their ancient traditions.
Zulu is one of the most popular tribes in Africa. One reason why the tribe is so widely known is because of Shakaland, which is acknowledged worldwide as the birthplace of the legendary chief Shaka Zulu. With an estimated population of 11 million people, Zulu is known to be the largest ethnic group in South Africa.
Igbo people of Nigeria were ranked as the most intelligent tribe of black Africa in a US academic report in 2015.
Below are the top 10 best educated tribes in the country today:
Collectively, the Khoikhoi and San are called the Khoisan and often called the world’s first or oldest people, according to the biggest and most detailed analysis of African DNA. A report from NPR details how more than 22,000 years ago, the Nama were the largest group of humans on earth and a tribe of hunter-gatherers.
Full list of all 371 tribes in Nigeria, states where they originate. Nigeria is made up of several ethnic groups, majority of which are the Igbo, Hausa and the Yoruba. Within these ethnic groups are several tribes numbering 371.
The Kuki people are an ethnic group native to the Mizo Hills (formerly Lushai), a mountainous region in the southeastern part of Mizoram in India. The Kuki constitute one of several hill tribes within India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar.
Although it is hard to be certain that a particular language spoken in Africa was the oldest, many people agree on the name of Ancient Egyptian. The name of the Khoisan languages also shows up often during such discussions.
By 1900 a significant part of Africa had been colonized by mainly seven European powers —Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. After the conquest of African decentralized and centralized states, the European powers set about establishing colonial state systems.
The Bantu live in sub-Saharan Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa. Linguistically, these languages belong to the Southern Bantoid branch of Benue Congo, one of the language families grouped within the Niger-Congo phylum.