Tipis were used mainly by Plains Indians, such as the Lipan Apache, Comanche and Kiowa, after the Spanish introduced horses into North America about 500 years ago. Plains Indians groups moved across the Great Plains following migrating herds of buffalo that ranged from Canada to Texas.
What Native American tribe lived in a teepee?
Historically, the tipi has been used by some Indigenous peoples of the Plains in the Great Plains and Canadian Prairies of North America, notably the seven sub-tribes of the Sioux, among the Iowa people, the Otoe and Pawnee, and among the Blackfeet, Crow, Assiniboines, Arapaho, and Plains Cree.
The Plains peoples developed a unique portable house-form — the tipi — which was perfectly adapted to their mobile way of life.
tepee, also spelled tipi, conical tent most common to the North American Plains Indians. Although a number of Native American groups used similar structures during the hunting season, only the Plains Indians adopted tepees as year-round dwellings, and then only from the 17th century onward.
The English word “tipi” originated from the Lakota word “thipi”, which is defined as “a dwelling” primarily used by the nomadic tribes of the Great Plains of America for hundreds of years. These dwellings provided warmth and comfort in the winter and dryness during the rainy months.
The Cherokee never lived in tipis. Only the nomadic Plains Indians did so. The Cherokee were southeastern woodland Indians, and in the winter they lived in houses made of woven saplings, plastered with mud and roofed with poplar bark. In the summer they lived in open-air dwellings roofed with bark.
The Lakota, like many other tribes of the Great Plains, lived in teepees. Generally, teepees were circular tents that could fit 4 to 6 people.
These are 2 of the main structures of the Plains Indian’s. The Plains Indians typically lived in one of the most well known shelters, the tepee (also tipi or teepee). The tepee had many purposes, one of which was mobility and agility as the Plains Indians needed to move quickly when the herds of bison were on the move.
These include the Arapaho, Assiniboine, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Kiowa, Lakota, Lipan, Plains Apache (or Kiowa Apache), Plains Cree, Plains Ojibwe, Sarsi, Nakoda (Stoney), and Tonkawa.
The Comanches lived in buffalo-hide houses called tipis (or teepees). Here are some pictures of tipis. Since the Comanches moved frequently to follow the buffalo herds, a tipi was carefully designed to set up and break down quickly, like a modern tent.
Tipi/Tepee/Teepee is a dwelling type mostly associated with the nomadic Native Americans in the United States. Made from buffalo hide fastened around long wooden poles and shaped like a cone, a tipi/ tepee is a Plains Indian home, which could hold 30 or 40 people comfortably.
Walking between the fire and any seated person was offensive. Everyone walked behind people seated by the fire. Bird reported that tepees were comfortably warm in winter and cool in summer when the lower part of the tepee was rolled up to allow the breeze to flow through.
The floor of the tipi represents the earth on which we live, the walls represent the sky and the poles represent the trails that extend from the earth to the spirit world (Dakota teachings). Tipis hold special significance among many different nations and Aboriginal cultures across North America.
During rainy weather the smoke flaps were tightly closed and most of the rain rolled off the conical shape of the tipi. Any rain hitting the top of the smooth poles simply rolled down behind the lining to the bottom where it ran under the cover to the outside.
Door Faces East—All tipis are erected with the door facing east, the direction of the rising sun, so that in the morning, when you awake, you step out to greet the dawn. The east pole becomes part of the door.