The major Pennsylvania Indian tribes were the Delaware, Susquehannock, Shawnee, and Iroquois.
Native Peoples of Pennsylvania and Delaware The original inhabitants of what is now Pennsylvania included the Lenape, or Delaware, tribe and the Susquehannock tribe. Other tribes, particularly the Nanticoke and the Shawnee, migrated into Pennsylvania and New Jersey after the Europeans arrived.
As the colonial population around them grew, many Indians in eastern Pennsylvania moved west into the Susquehanna, Allegheny, and Ohio Valleys, where they established new communities of mixed tribal affiliations: Delaware, Shawnee, Iroquois, Conoy, Nanticoke, Tutelos, and others.
Susquehannock, also called Susquehanna or Conestoga, Iroquoian-speaking North American Indian tribe that traditionally lived in palisaded towns along the Susquehanna River in what are now New York, Pennsylvania, and Maryland.
There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Pennsylvania today. Most Native Americans were forced to leave Pennsylvania during the 1700’s, when eastern tribes were being displaced by colonial expansion. Most tribes that once were native to Pennsylvania ended up on Indian reservations in Oklahoma.
Incorporated in 1866, the City of Scranton is named in honor of George W. and Seldon Scranton, who founded the operation that became the Lackawanna Iron and Coal Company in 1840. The original inhabitants of the area were Capoose and Lenape Indian tribes, with white settlers arriving in the mid-18th century.
Among the legends and linguistic interpretations over its meaning, two possibilities are offered for the word Susquehanna – first, ‘ fresh water river ‘ from Iroquoian saskwe ‘fresh’ plus the Algonquian hanne ‘river’; and second, ‘muddy river’ from the Algonquian words sisku ‘mud’ and hanne ‘river.
The Lenni-Lenape Indians were the first known settlers of the area that is Philadelphia. Chet Brooks of Oklahoma is a member of the tribe, and he has devoted the past 36 years to studying and preserving Lenape history and tradition.
In 1643, Governor Johan Printz arrived and built Fort Elfsborg and Fort New Gothenburg at Tinicum Island, nearby today’s Philadelphia airport. A small park with a statue to Printz commemorates the location. This marks the first permanent settlement by Europeans in Pennsylvania.
The McKees Rocks Mound, located at the confluence of Chartiers Creek and the Ohio River four miles south of downtown Pittsburgh, is just one of thousands of Indian burial mounds, ranging from a few feet to 100 feet tall, that were still visible in Jefferson’s day throughout the Ohio-Mississippi Valley watershed.
The Iroquois originally lived near Lake Ontario and along the Mohawk River in New York State. Around 1600, five tribes — the Mohawks, the Oneidas, the Onondagas, the Cayugas, and the Senecas — banded together to form a confederacy.
Shawnee, an Algonquian-speaking North American Indian people who lived in the central Ohio River valley. Closely related in language and culture to the Fox, Kickapoo, and Sauk, the Shawnee were also influenced by a long association with the Seneca and Delaware.
Born around 1596, Pocahontas was the daughter of Wahunsenaca (also known as Powhatan), the powerful chief of the Powhatans, a Native American group that inhabited the Chesapeake Bay region. Little is known about her mother.
The European colonists brought diseases to America that the Lenni Lenape couldn’t fight. The Lenni Lenape moved off of their land and moved north to Canada, or west to Pennsylvania and Oklahoma. The Lenni Lenape were persecuted by the colonists because of their culture, and they did not feel safe.
Yes, they do have facial and body hair but very little, and they tend to pluck it from their faces as often as it grows. Concerning hair, American Indian anthropologist Julianne Jennings of Eastern Connecticut State University says natives grew hair on their heads to varying degrees, depending on the tribe.
Today, Lenape people belong to the Delaware Nation and Delaware Tribe of Indians in Oklahoma; the Stockbridge-Munsee Community in Wisconsin; and the Munsee-Delaware Nation, Moravian of the Thames First Nation, and Delaware of Six Nations in Ontario.