The Kickapoo Tribe in Kansas has been in its present area since the 1832 Treaty of Castor Hill where the Kickapoo lived near the Missouri River. The Treaty of 1854 with the Kickapoo Tribe ceded over 600,000 acres of land to the US Government but retained approximately 150,000 acres of land.
Kansa, also spelled Konza or Kanza, also called Kaw, North American Indians of Siouan linguistic stock who lived along the Kansas and Saline rivers in what is now central Kansas.
The city is now the trading and shipping centre of a large farming and dairying area and is the seat of Emporia State University (1863) and Flint Hills Technical College (1963). Attractions include a municipal zoo and the National Teachers Hall of Fame (1989).
Kansas is home to Indigenous peoples of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Jiwere, Kaw/Kansa, Kickapoo, Kiowa, Ochethi Sakowin, Ogaxpa, Osage, Pawnee, Peoria, Sauk and Meskwwaki, and Wichita tribes, which once occupied the lands of Kansas prior to colonization.
Before the 1600s, the Kanza or Kaws lived as one nation with a large number of Siouan-speaking people known as the Dhegiha Siouan group. Originating east of the Mississippi River and north of the Ohio River, the Dhegiha tribes migrated west down the Ohio River.
Their former reservation land was inundated in the mid-1960s by the construction of Kaw Reservoir. The Kaw Nation of Oklahoma has survived adversity and today is a federally-recognized self-governing tribe of 3,707 members. Administrative headquarters are in a four-building complex in Kaw City, Okla.
The Kaw Nation’s headquarters is in Kaw City, Oklahoma, and the tribal jurisdictional area is within Kay County, Oklahoma. The elected chairwoman is Lynn Williams currently serving a four-year term. Of the 3,126 enrolled members, 1,428 live within the state of Oklahoma.
The idea of a town company was born. Brown gathered together four other men – General G.W. Deitzler, a Lawrence resident; Lyman Allen and Columbus Hornsby, Lawrence merchants; and Preston B. Plumb, a Lawrence print foreman – and formed The Emporia Town Company.
Located on upland prairie, Emporia was founded in 1857, drawing its name from ancient Carthage, a place known in history as a prosperous center of commerce.
The chance of becoming a victim of either violent or property crime in Emporia is 1 in 44. Based on FBI crime data, Emporia is not one of the safest communities in America. Relative to Kansas, Emporia has a crime rate that is higher than 83% of the state’s cities and towns of all sizes.
There are four federally recognized Indian tribes in Kansas today.
1820s–1840s: Indian territory Beginning in the 1820s, the area that would become Kansas was set aside as Indian Territory by the U.S. government, and was closed to settlement by whites.
The word Kansas comes from a Sioux word meaning “people of the south wind”. The following list of Native Americans who have lived in Kansas has been compiled from Hodge’s Handbook of American Indians and from Swanton’s The Indian Tribes of North America. Some may simply be variant spellings for the same tribe.
The Wichita Indians inhabited much of the Midwest, from today’s Wichita Falls region in Northern Texas, to the Washita River area in Western and Central Oklahoma, to right here in Wichita, Kansas. The Wichitas lived in villages of rectangular houses made of mud with gardens nearby.
Kansa is pronounced “kan-zuh.” It comes from their own tribal name for themselves, which means ” south wind people.” This name is often spelled Kanza instead. Many Kansa people simply call themselves Kaw, which is a shortened form of the same name. Any of these spellings are correct.
The Mississippi tribe occupied the area between 760 and 1290 A.D. These tribes, which were stationary, were joined by the tribes of Kansa, Osage, Otos and Missouri.