A traditional boma consists of a variety of “houses” which are in essence small huts made of mud and cow dung. Each of our huts has traditional Maasai stick beds, however with a blow up mattress and a mosquito net, it is one of the comfiest ways of surviving in the bush.
Masaai families live in an enclosure called an enkang that typically contains ten to twenty small huts protected by a fence or boundary made from thorn bushes. The circular huts are made of cow dung, mud and grass packed onto a timber frame and usually only have one or two rooms.
Typical materials used in the construction of Maasai huts, or Bomba, are cow dung, mud, sticks, grass, human urine and ash. The walls are made of these materials and the roof can be made from almost anything: sticks, reeds, tin or anything that will lay flat.
Among the Maasai, people never live in the same house all their life, unless they die when young. Maasai homes are oblong in shape, typically 2 metres by 3 metres in size, with rounded corners and low ceilings. They are built by women, and their construction typically takes four to eight days.
As each of his eight children entered the compound, they lowered their heads so that myself and all the other adults present could touch their heads and bless them. It was about being an adult and it was a beautiful gesture. I later learnt that this is standard conduct in all Masai homes.
The huts are usually circular or oval shaped. The first step is to build the frame which is done by fixing gathered timber poles into the ground. Thereafter, the poles are interlaced with a lattice of smaller branches which are then plastered with a mixture of water, mud, cow dung and even human urine.
The Maasai heavily depend on cattle for nutrition. The traditional Maasai diet consists of six basic foods: milk, meat, fat, blood, honey, and tree bark. Both fresh and curdled milk are drunk. Fresh milk is drunk in a calabash (gourd) and is sometimes mixed with fresh cattle blood.
A rondavel is an African-style hut known in literature as cone on cylinder or cone on drum, but popularly referred to simply as rondavel (from the Afrikaans word rondawel).
The Maasai, Samburu and Camus people are historically related and all refer to their language as Maa or ɔl Maa, although they acknowledge mutual cultural and economic differences. Most Maasai also speak Swahili, the lingua franca of East Africa.
A boma is a homestead headed by one male, consisting of houses for each of his wives and their children. Maasai are polygamous, and every Maasai woman builds her hut in her husband’s boma.
The Maasai, an ethnic group of semi-nomadic people who inhabit in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania, drink cow blood on special occasions – circumcision of a child, the birth of a baby and on the occasion of a girl’s marriage. It also is given to drunken elders to alleviate intoxication and hangover.
In Maa language you can greet a Maasai women by saying ” yeyo, takwenya! ” and the Maasai woman will reply you “iko”!
Girls belonging to the first group are allowed to have sexual relationships with young morans, as a matter of fact, each girl can have up to three lovers, one of them will be chosen as a favourite, whereas the other two will take his place when he is outside the village or unavailable.
Because the Maasai do not believe in the afterlife, their burial practices are traditionally very minimalistic. Traditionally, the Maasai are a monotheistic group that believes in the god Enkai or Engai, who is typically represented as either a black, benevolent god or a red, vengeful god.
The Maasai people live in the Great Plains around Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Kenya. They gave their name to the large reserve of the Maasai Mara (Mara is the river that runs through their territory. A majority of the Maasai population lives in Kenya.
According to the tribe’s own oral history, the Maasai originated north of Lake Turkana (north-west Kenya) in the lower Nile Valley. They began migrating south in the 15th century and arrived in the long trunk of land stretching across central Tanzania and Northern Kenya during the 17th and 18 century.