The most important Native American crops have generally included corn, beans, squash, pumpkins, sunflowers, wild rice, sweet potatoes, tomatoes, peppers, peanuts, avocados, papayas, potatoes and cacao. Native American food and cuisine is recognized by its use of indigenous domesticated and wild food ingredients.
What kind of bread did American Indians eat?
The traditional Native American diet was one that modern-day nutritionists would consider a gold standard – full of lean meats, protein, fruits and vegetables and low in fat, refined sugars and sodium. Native people hunted, fished and gathered their food from the land.
Corn, Beans, and Squash All across the continent, Native American food focused on these three staples. Hard beans of various types were especially popular in the Southwest. Squash was just one of the families of vegetables commonly used in recipes both traditional and modern.
Before Europeans arrived in the Western Hemisphere, there were no domesticated livestock—so there was no dairy. Indigenous peoples fed themselves through a combination of hunting, fishing, foraging, and agriculture.
History. Pre-Columbian Native Americans fermented starchy seeds and roots as well as fruits from both wild and domesticated plants. Among the most common are drinks made from fermented corn, agave, and manioc.
But to Native Americans, boiling water was a basic and essential skill. Boiling water wasn’t simply filling a metal pot with water and heating it over a fire, because these prehistoric cultures didn’t have metal. These clay pots couldn’t handle direct fire and instead had to handle heat indirectly.
The members of the Cahokia tribal group apparently drank the liquid from beakers that look remarkably like present day coffee cups. This is the first time researchers have scientifically documented that Native Americans were drinking Black Drink long before contact with Europeans.
Federal law bans the sale of alcohol on Native American reservations unless the tribal council allows it. The law prohibiting alcohol was widely flouted on the reservation, one of the poorest areas in the United States.