The Wea Tribe was a subtribe of the Miami Nation. In the late seventeenth century they lived near the western shore of Lake Michigan. During the next 150 years, they moved frequently and the 1750’s found them living on the Wabash and White Rivers, in the present States of Indiana and Illinois.
They lived in villages of small oval houses with walls made of woven reeds. Each Miami village also had a larger wooden council house. Today, Native Americans only build a reed house for fun or to connect with their heritage, not for shelter. Most Miamis live in modern houses and apartment buildings, just like you.
They are first mentioned in the Jesuit Relation for 1673 as living in east Wisconsin. In the later distribution of the tribes of the confederacy they occupied the most westerly position.
The Wea were a small group of American Indians who lived in Wisconsin at the time of first European contact, although they primarily occupied lands in Indiana during the era of Anglo-American colonization. They spoke a dialect of the Algonquian language — the Miami-Illinois language.
The Illinois Confederation, also referred to as the Illiniwek or Illini, were made up of 12 to 13 tribes who lived in the Mississippi River Valley. Eventually member tribes occupied an area reaching from Lake Michicigao (Michigan) to Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, and Arkansas.
The sovereign Miami Tribe of Oklahoma is based in Miami, Oklahoma in the northeastern corner of the state. The population of the Nation is approximately 4,400, and citizens can be found living in all 50 states as well as outside the boundaries of the United States.
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.
In historic times, prominent local Indian groups who drove these people out were the Shawnee, Wabash, and the Miami tribe. The first European settlers were French, when Vincennes was founded as part of the French colony of New France.
In the 18th century, the Wea, Miami, and Piankashaw remained distinct tribes. The Wea population of 1765 is estimated to have been around 1,200. In the early 18th century, Wea people settled in villages along the Wabash River between what would become Terre Haute and Logansport, Indiana.
In 1832, with escalating federal removal policies in place, the Kaskaskia were forced move west of the Mississippi River, and to leave their traditional homeland in Illinois. Descendants of the Kaskaskia make up the federally-recognized tribe of the Peoria Tribe of Indians of Oklahoma.
The peoples who spoke Iroquoian languages occupied a continuous territory around Lakes Ontario, Huron, and Erie in present-day New York state and Pennsylvania (U.S.) and southern Ontario and Quebec (Canada).
Among the most bitter enemies of the Illinois between 1655-1690 were the five tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy (Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, and Seneca). Hostilities with these tribes seem to have ended in the late 1600s after the Illinois moved back to their former territory east of the Mississippi River.
The three groups traditionally lived in what is now Alberta, Canada, and the U.S. state of Montana, and there they remain, with one reservation in Montana and three reserves (as they are called in Canada), one for each band, within Alberta.