Biloxi women did most of the farming, harvesting crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers for their families to eat. Biloxi men did most of the hunting, shooting deer, wild turkeys, and small game. Men also caught fish in the rivers, lakes, and sea coasts.
Tunica Indians were sedentary agriculturalists. Corn and squash were the primary food staples. The men did most of the gardening. The women collected wild plant foods, including fruits, berries, nuts, seeds, roots, and herbs.
The Tunica or Luhchi Yoroni (or Tonica, or less common form Yuron) language is a language isolate that was spoken in the Central and Lower Mississippi Valley in the United States by Native American Tunica peoples.
The Tunica-Biloxi Tribe is one of four federally recognized Native American tribes in the state of Louisiana. The component tribes were allied in the l8th century and became amalgamated into one in the 19th century through common interests and outside pressures from non-Indian cultures.
They live in Mississippi and east central Louisiana. The modern tribe is composed of Tunica, Biloxi (a Siouan-speaking people from the Gulf coast), Ofo (also a Siouan people), Avoyel (a Natchezan people), and Mississippi Choctaw.
The modern “Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe” live in Mississippi and east central Louisiana.
Today, remaining Biloxi descendants have merged with the Tunica and other remnant peoples. Together they were federally recognized in 1981; today they are called the Tunica-Biloxi Indian Tribe and share a small reservation in Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana. Descendants of several other small tribes are enrolled with them.
Many Tunica children like to go hunting and fishing with their fathers. In the past, Indian kids had more chores and less time to play, just like colonial children. But they did have dolls, toys and games to play with.
Members of the tribe maintained contact with other Choctaw communities after settling in present-day lower Lafourche and Terrebonne parishes. They used the waterways to harvest fish and crawfish, and to supply their water needs and for traveling.
The anthropologist John R. Swanton suggested that the Choctaw derived their name from an early leader. Henry Halbert, a historian, suggests that their name is derived from the Choctaw phrase Hacha hatak (river people).
The Tunica were a powerful native presence in the Lower Mississippi River Valley during the early historic period. They were one of the most influential and organized tribes in an area that had suffered a catastrophic decline in population from prehistoric levels. The Tunica probably entered the valley from the west.
The Tunica (Canicon, Janequo, Tanico, Toniqua) Indians originally lived in the area of present western Mississippi, but early in the eighteenth century pressure from the Chickasaw Indians forced them to cross the Mississippi and settle near the mouth of the Red River in Louisiana.
Choctaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock that traditionally lived in what is now southeastern Mississippi. The Choctaw dialect is very similar to that of the Chickasaw, and there is evidence that they are a branch of the latter tribe.
1. Biloxi – a member of the Siouan people of southeastern Mississippi. Siouan, Sioux – a member of a group of North American Indian peoples who spoke a Siouan language and who ranged from Lake Michigan to the Rocky Mountains. 2. Biloxi – an old town in southern Mississippi on the Gulf of Mexico.
The Tunica and Biloxi people settled on their current lands near the strategic trade route of the Red River after 1779. The reservation is located just south of Marksville in east-central Louisiana. Tribal lands comprise approximately 1,717 acres of Trust and Fee property in Avoyelles and Rapides Parishes.