Plains women used bison hides and the softer, finer skins of deer and antelope to make garments. They decorated clothing with porcupine-quill embroidery, fringe, and, in later times, glass and ceramic beads. On the northern Plains, men wore a shirt, leggings, and moccasins.
The well known garments and items of traditional clothing and ceremonial dress included the breechcloths, buckskin shirts, deerskin dresses, the fringes, animal robes and furs, feather headdresses, roach headdresses, shawls, headbands, breastplates, belts and pouches of the American Indians.
Explanation: The bison, which once roamed the Great Plains in tens of millions provided food, shelter and Meat often dried was a major source of food, and the skin was used for tepees and for clothing.
Traditional dress of men of the Plains region before the mid-19th century included leggings, moccasins, and a breechcloth, and in the winter, a buffalo robe. Adornments included hair suspensions which were tied to the hair, armbands, and earrings.
The Cree made their clothes from animal hides such as buffalo, moose, or elk. The men wore long shirts, leggings, and breechcloths. The women wore long dresses. During the cold winters both men and women would wear long robes or cloaks to keep warm.
Many tribes such as the Cherokee and Iroquois used deerskin. While the Plains Indians, who were bison hunters, used buffalo skin and the Inuit from Alaska used seal or caribou skin. Some tribes learned how to make clothing from plants or weaving thread.
The basic apparel for Pilgrim men would have consisted of a 1) shirt which also served as underwear; 2) doublet; 3) breeches or slops; 4) stockings; 5) latchet shoes, and 6) a hat (brimmed, flat, or monmouth cap). Slops were commonly used in addition to breeches in the 1620s.
Traditionally, most Native American cultures relied on some combination of leggings; breechclout, or simple short-like coverings; and shirt or jacket for men, and leggings and a full-length dress for women. Leather shoes, known as moccasins were also worn.
The Plains Indians who did travel constantly to find food hunted large animals such as bison (buffalo), deer and elk. They also gathered wild fruits, vegetables and grains on the prairie. They lived in tipis, and used horses for hunting, fighting and carrying their goods when they moved.
The distinct Plains aesthetic—singular, ephemeral, and materially rich—are revealed through an array of forms and media: painting and drawing; sculptural works in stone, wood, antler, and shell; porcupine-quill and glass-bead embroidery; feather work; painted robes depicting figures and geometric shapes; richly
Snowshoes were used during the winter by some peoples on the northern Plains. Women made clothing for their families, often using the skins of antelope, deer and bison: breechcloth, leggings and shirts for men, long dresses and leggings for women. They also made robes and moccasins, sometimes out of bison hides.
Southern men wore loin cloth and moccasins and added robes and leggings in winter, women wore skirts and blouses worn loose at the waist and boot moccasins, bison robes.
Most of the clothing of the early Indians was made of leather from animal skins. In the winter they wore long leather pants or leggings and leather shirts. Women wore dresses. Both men and women wore moccasins to protect their feet.
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.
Because the Northeast has many different weather patterns, the clothing of Northeast Native Americans depends on the season. In warmer weather most men wore skirt cloths and no shirt. Women would wear skirts and leggings with tops. In colder weather, men and women both wore fur parkas.