During the Paleoindian period, people hunted large animals that are now extinct, including mammoths, mastodons, and an ancient form of bison. People during the Paleoindian period also ate a variety of wild nuts, fruits, and greens (leaves).
But because fragile plant remains do not preserve very well and therefore are rarely found at Paleoindian sites, it is difficult for archaeologists to know exactly which plants were used for food. It is likely, however, that wild greens, roots, tubers, seeds, nuts, and fruits were eaten.
Living between roughly 14,000 and 9,000 years ago, they were mostly nomadic hunter-gatherers, living in small roving bands. We believe that they entered the Americas from Asia/Russia across a land bridge called Beringia.
Bison Hunting. After the Clovis mammoth hunters, extinct subspecies of bison (Bison antiquus and Bison occidentalis) were the main target of the Paleoindian pedestrian hunters on the Plains of North America.
Paleo-Indians inhabited the Connecticut region some 10,000 years ago, exploiting the resources along rivers and streams. They used a wide range of stone tools and engaged in hunting, gathering, fishing, woodworking, and ceremonial observances.
Stone spear points have been found at most Paleoindian sites in Illinois. Large spear points fastened to wooden shafts were effective hunting weapons, and they were also used as knives. They may have used antler, bone or wooden weapons, but archaeologists have yet to find them preserved.
Judging by the clothing people living today wear in colder climates and by the resources available to them, Paleoindians probably wore animal hide and fur clothing.
Archaeologists call these people PaleoIndians. We don’t know what they called themselves! We use the name PaleoIndians just for convenience (“paleo” means “early” or “ancient”). Basically, they were people. They lived differently than we do, but they had the same needs.
The Paleoindian Period refers to a time approximately 12,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age when humans first appeared in the archeological record in North America. One of the original groups to enter what is now Canada and the United States was the Clovis culture.
Their weapons included spears, stones and clubs, and the Late Paleo-Indian probably used the throwing stick. Knowledge and use of fire for light, warmth, and the crudest culinary purposes, is believed to have been brought into North America by early migrants from Asia.
Traditional theories suggest that big-animal hunters crossed the Bering Strait from North Asia into the Americas over a land bridge (Beringia). This bridge existed from 45,000 to 12,000 BCE (47,000–14,000 BP). Small isolated groups of hunter-gatherers migrated alongside herds of large herbivores far into Alaska.
Paleo Indian Big Game Hunters 12,000 to 8,000 Years Ago
From linguistic evidence it is clear that Native Americans called Inuit, Yupik and Aleut are Paleo-Siberian (Eskimo-Aleut) and migrated 6-8,000 years ago from N.E. Asia after the last Ice Age (Glaciation).
The Paleo-Indian period is the era from the end of the Pleistocene (the last Ice Age) to about 9,000 years ago (7000 BC), during which the first people migrated to North and South America.