The Ottawas were farming people. Ottawa women grew crops of corn, beans, and squash. Ottawa men hunted deer and small game and went fishing in their canoes. Ottawa Indian foods included cornbread and soups.
They lived in villages of large, rectangular homes called longhouses, which consisted of a pole frame covered with bark. Like longhouses, these homes also had a pole frame covered with bark, but they were smaller and dome-shaped. The Ottawa grew corn, beans, squash, and peas.
Today there more than 10,000 Ottawa in the United States, with the majority in Michigan. Another several thousand live in Ontario, Canada.
The Ottawa became very important to the fur trade. The Ottawa would go out and trade other tribes for their fur and then in turn would trade that to the French. The Ottawa were generally counted as allies of the Huron and the French during the French and Indian War.
Throughout much of the region, the 140-day growing season made agriculture a risky endeavor. A later spring or an early fall meant that crop failures were a constant possibility.
The Ottawa language, also known as Odawa, is one of the many language varieties making up what is commonly known as Ojibwe. These languages are still spoken across Canada and the northern United States. Ottawa is a member of the Central Algonquian branch of the Algic language family.
In the modern period, these distinctions have largely disappeared, although adopted tribal organizations still function in Oklahoma and Canada. The Ottawa believed in a supreme being (the “Master of Life”), as well as many good and evil spirits.
Ottawa, Canada The name Ottawa is derived from the Algonquin word “adawe”, which means “to trade”. The settlement was originally incorporated as Bytown in 1850. The name was changed to Ottawa in 1855.
Ojibwa, also spelled Ojibwe or Ojibway, also called Chippewa, self-name Anishinaabe, Algonquian-speaking North American Indian tribe who lived in what are now Ontario and Manitoba, Can., and Minnesota and North Dakota, U.S., from Lake Huron westward onto the Plains.
The Ottawa Indians originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time when European settles first arrived in the early 1600s. They moved into northern Ohio around 1740.
The Ottawa [Or Odawa, Canadian] originally lived along the Ottawa River in eastern Ontario and western Quebec at the time of European arrival in the early 1600s. Their historic homelands also included Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron, and what is now Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.
Ottawa, Algonquian-speaking North American Indians whose original territory focused on the Ottawa River, the French River, and Georgian Bay, in present northern Michigan, U.S., and southeastern Ontario and southwestern Quebec, Canada.
The dead were cremated, buried, or placed on scaffolds. A feast honoring the dead was held every year or so. Mourners blackened and scratched their faces.
After living in Kansas for a time, the Ottawa used money from their allotment in Kansas to buy the land they are currently on in Oklahoma. Tribal headquarters is in Miami. At the time, the Ottawa people believed that if they used their own money to buy land, the government would not be able to remove them again.
The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from trees. The male of the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam. Mary Rowlandson uses the term Wigwam in reference to the dwelling places of the Native Americans that she stayed with while in their captivity during King Philip’s War in 1675.
The Government structure of the Ottawa Tribe of Oklahoma was made up of band chiefs who formed a governing council with a head chief. Each band elected their own Chief and then these Chiefs would elect a Head Chief. Now they have a Chief, Second Chief, Secretary/Treasurer, First Councilman, and Second Councilman.