The Osage hunted a variety of animals for food including bison, deer, and elk. They also farmed vegetables such as corn, beans, and squash.
The Osage made two varieties of sausage. They washed and inverted the intestines of a bison and stuffed them with strips of meat with added water. This sausage was cooked over charcoal embers.
Osage hunters used bows and arrows. The Osage were known for their especially well-made longbows. In war, Osage men fired their bows or fought with spears, clubs, or tomahawks.
Despite their fierce reputation, however, the Osage were always friendly with the French and later American residents of St. Louis. They were happy to advise Lewis and Clark and never waged war against the United States.
The Osage hunted buffalo, but much of their food came from plants and small animals they could kill near their homes. They had gardens where they grew corn, beans, squash, and pumpkins.
Traditional Osage culture was typical of many Plains Indians and involved a combination of village-based agriculture and nomadic bison hunting. Other important game animals were deer, bear, and beaver. Tepees were used during the hunting season.
A breechcloth is a long rectangular piece of tanned deerskin, cloth, or animal fur. It is worn between the legs and tucked over a belt, so that the flaps fall down in front and behind. In some tribes, the breechcloth loops outside of the belt and then is tucked into the inside, for a more fitted look.
The Kansas had a varied diet. Kansa men worked together to hunt buffalo, and also shot deer and other small game. Kansa women raised crops of corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. The Kansas also gathered wild foods such as potatoes, roots, and berries.
At the Nov. 18 Osage Minerals Council meeting, the December quarterly headright payment was formally announced at $2,385 per full headright. That amount is a 40 percent decrease from December 2019.
Today, the Shakopee Mdewakanton are believed to be the richest tribe in American history as measured by individual personal wealth: Each adult, according to court records and confirmed by one tribal member, receives a monthly payment of around $84,000, or $1.08 million a year.
Today this is the junction of the Missouri, Mississippi, Ohio, Tennessee, Wabash, Arkansas, and Illinois drainage systems. From this the Osage took their real name, Ni-U-Kon-Ska or People of the Middle Waters. By A.D. 1200 both the Osage and the invading Iroquois left the “dark and bloody” ground of Kentucky.
While the Osage people are no longer among the richest people, the effects of the oil industry are still felt today. Many Osages still receive their quarterly royalty payments, known today as headrights.
The majority of Osage citizens now live in Oklahoma, but many others live and work in different American states. The Osage Nation (/ˈoʊseɪdʒ/ OH-sayj) (Osage: ͘ (Ni-u-kon-ska), “People of the Middle Waters”) is a Midwestern Native American tribe of the Great Plains.
What weapons did the Osage use? The weapons used by the tribe included muskets, lances, knives, hatchets, tomahawks and strong bows and arrows made of Osage Orangewood.