Kwakwaka’wakw clothes were the cedarbark garments common all over the Northwest Coast: capes and hats for protection from rain, robes for cold weather, and women’s aprons. Many garments were decorated with dentalia shells. Colorful nose ornaments were made of abalone shell.
Traditionally, most Native American cultures relied on some combination of leggings; breechclout, or simple short-like coverings; and shirt or jacket for men, and leggings and a full-length dress for women. Leather shoes, known as moccasins were also worn.
Salmon was a major source of food, along with other fish such as trout, halibut and herring, followed by acorns, hundreds of different plants, marine mammals (whales, otters, seals), bears, beavers, lynx, deer, and small game like rabbits and hares.
The ocean and the lush coastal forests provided the Northwest Coast people with everything that they needed to survive. Tribes carved huge canoes made from cedar or spruce trees. The boats could fit up to 30 people, who paddled into the sea to hunt otters, seals, and whales.
Northeast women made clothing from the skins of deer and other game. In summer, the women wore a wraparound skirt, the men a breechcloth. Both men and women wore moccasins. Women decorated clothes with painting, porcupine-quill embroidery, shells, or shell beads.
Most Iroquois clothing was made frm deerskin. In the winter, they wore fringed deerskin shirts. Sometimes men wore kilts and caps that were covered with feathers. Iroquois women wore long deerskin skirts and leggings.
Mohawk men wore breechcloths with leggings. Mohawk women wore wraparound skirts with shorter leggings. Men did not originally wear shirts in Mohawk culture, but women often wore a poncho-like tunic called an overdress. Mohawk Indians usually wore moccasins on their feet.
They were single-log dugouts, painted black on the outside and red on the inside, and coated with pitch. Dress Women wore large grass, tule rush, or shredded-bark back aprons, small front aprons, and buckskin leggings. Men wore fur or basketry caps, breechclouts, buckskin shirts, and hide pants.
In the Northwest region, Native Americans lived in plank houses. These homes were made from long, flat planks of cedar wood attached to a wooden frame. Plank houses were perfect for living in cold climates. They also could fit more then one family.
The Northwest Coast People had many different kinds of weapons. For example, they had spears, clubs, and daggers. Second they also had chisels, drills, and a stone hammer. Third, they also had darts, an atlas, a d-shaped adze.
The Plains Indians who did travel constantly to find food hunted large animals such as bison (buffalo), deer and elk. They also gathered wild fruits, vegetables and grains on the prairie. They lived in tipis, and used horses for hunting, fighting and carrying their goods when they moved.
The large houses varied in size and ranged from 20 to 60 feet wide and from 50 to 150 feet long. The men split slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees and stripped off the branches. The strong log framework of the Plank House usually consisted of 8 main posts that were peg-joined to 4-6 roof beams.
The man wore a breechcloth of white cotton cloth or a short woven kilt with a colorful border. Both men and women wore soft shoes or sandals. The Navajo and the Apache traditionally wore clothing made of animal skins and plant fibers.
Historically, people living in the Northeast Woodlands dressed in clothing made primarily of deer hide. They decorated the hides with porcupine quills, feathers, shells, and naturally sourced paint.
The Eastern Woodlands Indians dressed mainly in clothing made from animal hides that were softened, tanned, and sewn. Their basic wardrobe consisted of soft-soled moccasins, leggings, and a long-sleeved shirt or coat, over which women wore long skirts and men wore breechclouts and short kilts.
Clothing. Plains women used bison hides and the softer, finer skins of deer and antelope to make garments. They decorated clothing with porcupine-quill embroidery, fringe, and, in later times, glass and ceramic beads. On the northern Plains, men wore a shirt, leggings, and moccasins.