The Nez Perce wore clothing made from animal skins. The women wore long dresses that were sometimes decorated with fringes and beads. The men wore shirts, breechcloths, and leggings. They made thick robes to wear during the cold months of winter.
One of the important staple foods is a root crop called “cowish” or “kouse” which the Nez Perce People would flock to in the springtime, craving fresh vegetables after a winter filled with dried foods (Haines, 11). The roots were steamed and boiled into a mush for the “Time of First Eating” (Haines, 11).
Today they are a federally recognized tribe, the Nez Perce Tribe of Idaho, and govern their Native reservation in Idaho through a central government headquartered in Lapwai known as the Nez Perce Tribal Executive Committee (NPTEC). They are one of five federally recognized tribes in the state of Idaho.
Nez Percé, self-name Nimi’ipuu, North American Indian people whose traditional territory centred on the lower Snake River and such tributaries as the Salmon and Clearwater rivers in what is now northeastern Oregon, southeastern Washington, and central Idaho, U.S. They were the largest, most powerful, and best-known of
Nez Perce, also spelled Nez Percé or called Nimipuutímt (alternatively spelled Nimiipuutímt, Niimiipuutímt, or Niimi’ipuutímt), is a Sahaptian language related to the several dialects of Sahaptin (note the spellings -ian vs. -in).
The Nez Perce Indians of today live in Idaho, Oregon, and Washington State. Most live in Idaho though. The Nez Perce nation has its own government, laws, police, and services, just like a small country but they are also U.S. citizens and must obey American law.
The Nez Perce used two different kinds of homes, one the wigwams or longhouses, that were more permanent residences and second, teepees that served as homes in the hunting grounds and were more easily taken down and moved. The longhouses were made from wood or sticks and covered with reeds, grasses or skins.
Like other neighboring Sahaptin groups, the Nez Perce were known principally as a hunting and gathering culture, centered on the annual food quest of fishing, hunting, and gathering roots. As a consequence, the Nez Perce territory covers a diverse geography, each part of which has its own biodiversity.
The soldiers lost 29 men with 40 wounded. The army body count found 89 Nez Perce dead, mostly women and children. The battle dealt the Nez Perce a grave, though not fatal, blow. The remaining Indians were able to escape, and they headed northeast towards Canada.
On October 5, 1877, Chief Joseph, exhausted and disheartened, surrendered in the Bears Paw Mountains of Montana, forty miles south of Canada.
The Nez Perce were fishing and hunting people. Nez Perce men caught salmon and other fish, and also hunted in the forests for deer, elk, and other game. Once they acquired horses, the Nez Perce tribe began to follow the buffalo herds like their Plains Indian neighbors.
These were ancient people who lived in Northwest America up until about 5500 BC. At the time the famous Lewis and Clark expedition came across the Indians they lived in an area covering approximately seventeen million acres in current day Oregon, Washington, and Idaho.
Chief Joseph, Native American name In-mut-too-yah-lat-lat, (born c. 1840, Wallowa Valley, Oregon Territory—died September 21, 1904, Colville Reservation, Washington, U.S.), Nez Percé chief who, faced with settlement by whites of tribal lands in Oregon, led his followers in a dramatic effort to escape to Canada.