The Kwakiutl lived in long, narrow houses called long houses or plank houses. Up to 50 people from the same clan would live in one house. Totem poles are ceremonial statues that were carved by many of the tribes in the Pacific Northwest.
The Kwakiutls lived in coastal villages of rectangular cedar-plank houses with bark roofs. Usually these houses were large (up to 100 feet long) and each one housed several familes from the same clan (as many as 50 people.)
Inuit inhabited present-day Alaska and northern Canada. They lived in Arctic areas where the temperature is below freezing much of the year. Kwakiutl homeland includes the Pacific Northwest coast, characterized by a rainy, mild climate.
These blankets were made after the Hudson’s Bay Company began to trade wool blankets to the natives. Originally abalone or other shells were fashioned into buttons, but trading also brought beads and pearl buttons to work with, such as those used to highlight the design.
The Kwakiutl people are indigenous (native) North Americans who live mostly along the coasts of British Columbia, which is located in the northwest corner of Canada. Today, there are about 5,500 Kwakiutls living here on the tribe’s own reserve, which is land specially designated for Native American tribes.
The Lakota people lived in large buffalo-hide tents called tipis (or teepees). Tipis were carefully designed to set up and break down quickly.
Iroquois people dwelt in large longhouses made of saplings and sheathed with elm bark, each housing many families.
The Kwakiutl made clothing from the bark of trees. They also made rain capes and coats from animal skins. From the abundant forests of cedar and redwood trees, the Kwakiutl built houses called plank houses, or clan houses. Each building of planks could house 30-40 members of the same clan.
Indian planting techniques are called Three Sisters agriculture. About five seeds were sown in a low mound of soil. Indian farmers avoided fertilizing their fields with manure. As the soil declined in fertility with each crop year, unproductive fields were fallowed for two years and then replanted.
The large houses varied in size and ranged from 20 to 60 feet wide and from 50 to 150 feet long. The men split slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees and stripped off the branches. The strong log framework of the Plank House usually consisted of 8 main posts that were peg-joined to 4-6 roof beams.
The Kwakiutl hunted in both the rivers and the forests. They ate beaver, deer, rabbit, and fish. Caribou was a major source of food. They also used the skins, antlers, and bones.
The Nez Perce once lived in small villages usually located near a stream. During the winter, they lived in more permanent homes called longhouses. Longhouses had A-shaped roofs and floors that were dug a few feet into the ground for warmth. In the summer, some Nez Perce would follow the bison herds and live in teepees.
The Kwakwa̱ka̱ʼwakw (IPA: [ˈkʷakʷəkʲəʔwakʷ]), also known as the Kwakiutl (/ˈkwɑːkjʊtəl/; “Kwakʼwala-speaking peoples”) are Indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. Their current population, according to a 2016 census, is 3,665.