The Huron Wendat were farmers who grew corn, beans, and squash. Sixty-five percent of their diet consisted of corn. Dried and shelled, the corn was pounded into flour or sometimes ground between stones. Corn soup (sagamité) was enriched with fish, meat and squash.
The Huron gathered berries and roots for food, as well as other things that could be used for making different medicines. Inuit ate only meat and fish. Lichens and moss were the only types of vegetation that grew in the Arctic. The Inuit people did not want to eat the lichens and moss right off the rocks.
Men were responsible for hunting and fishing. Bear, beaver, deer, wild boar, and many types of fowl were available to the Huron. Waters were rich with sturgeon, pike, trout and whitefish.
Traditionally, the Huron lived in villages of large bark-covered longhouses, each of which housed a matrilineal extended family; some villages were protected by an encircling palisade. The Huron were bitter enemies of tribes of the Iroquois Confederacy, with whom they competed in the fur trade.
Living between Lake Simcoe and the southeastern corner of Georgian Bay, 20,000 to 40, 000 of these Indians lived in 18 to 25 villages. Settling between Lake Huron and Lake Ontario, these Indians were significant to both the Americans and the Canadians.
Most of their diet was meat, especially buffalo, elk and deer, which they cooked in pits or dried and pounded into pemmican. The Lakota also collected chokecherries, fruit, and potatoes to eat.
Following a series of 17th century armed conflicts, the Huron-Wendat were dispersed by the Haudenosaunee in 1650. However, the Huron-Wendat First Nation still remains (located in Wendake, Quebec) and as of July 2018, the nation had 4,056 registered members.
Wyandot women harvested corn, beans, squash, and sunflowers. Wyandot men hunted deer, wild turkeys, and small game, and went fishing in the rivers. Wyandot recipes included cornbread, soups, and stews.
For entertainment, the Huron-Wendat listen to stories, danced, and played games like straws. The stories were most often connected to their history
Hurons, meaning “boar’s head,” came from the Old French hure, which referred to the male Hurons’ bristly coiffure. The name also meant “rough” and “boorish.” Although the French gave them this name, the Hurons called themselves Wendat, Guyandot, or Wyandot.
Iroquois’ destruction of Huronia. In 1649, the Iroquois attacked and massacred. They benefitted from the weakened state of the Huron nation, laid waste by epidemics and divided by the presence of so many Christian converts. The Hurons had no European weapons either for the French refused to sell to them.
Today, there are about 30,000 Mohawk in the United States and Canada. Traditionally, Mohawks divided labor by gender. Men spent most of the time hunting and fishing and the rest of the time warred with rivals, notably Algoniquins and later the French. Women’s farming provided most of the sustenance.
The Huron-Wendat Nation is based in Wendake, now within the Quebec City limits, and it has approximately 4,410 members. They are primarily Catholic in religion and speak French as a first language.
Huron Wendat Clothing Men wore loincloths and moccasins. In winter, they added leggings and sleeves and a cloak made of fur. Women dressed the same way, substituting a skirt for the loincloth. The Wendat wore body paint and beads, and red was a favourite colour.
Wyandot, or Wyandotte, also known as Huron, was spoken near the south end of Georgian Bay off Lake Huron in the 17th century. The Wyandot language is a member of the Lake Iroquoian branch of the Iroquoian language family.
The clothes worn by the men included breechclouts, leggings, shirts, long cloaks and shoulder to waist length mantles. The blackened skins of deer (buckskin) and beaver were used to make their clothing and borders were often dyed red. Huron women wore wraparound skirts, dresses and cloaks.