The Cree were mostly hunter-gatherers. They hunted a variety of game including moose, duck, elk, buffalo, and rabbit. They also gathered food from plants such as berries, wild rice, and turnips.
At the time of Canada’s colonization by the French and English, there were two major divisions of Cree; both were typical American Subarctic peoples. Traditionally, the Woodland Cree, also called Swampy Cree or Maskegon, relied for subsistence on hunting, fowling, fishing, and collecting wild plant foods.
Shinny was a game played by the Plains Cree and usually during the winter time. This game was usually played on ice. Two teams would play with sticks with a rounded end like a hockey stick. They used a ball with 2 leather circles which were sewn together and filled with fur.
The lingonberry grows wild across northern Canada, Alaska and part of the northeastern USA. Known as “wisakimin” by the Cree Indians, “keepmingyuk” by the Inuits and “nissimininanakashi” by the Naskapis, the vitamin-rich lingonberries were consumed fresh, cooked and sun-dried.
The Crees used bows and arrows for both hunting and war. Other Cree weapons included spears, clubs, and knives. When Plains Cree men hunted buffalo, they sometimes used controlled fires to herd the animals into a trap or over a cliff.
They live primarily in Canada, where they form one of that country’s largest First Nations. In Canada, over 350,000 people are Cree or have Cree ancestry. Today, they live mostly in Montana, where they share the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation with Ojibwe (Chippewa) people.
What was the religion and beliefs of the Cree tribe? The religion and beliefs of the tribe was based on Animism that encompassed the spiritual or religious idea that the universe and all natural objects animals, plants, trees, rivers, mountains rocks etc have souls or spirits. The people believed in the Great Spirit.
Cree /ˈkriː/ (ᓀᐦᐃᔭᐏ, Nēhiyawēwin) (also known as Cree–Montagnais–Naskapi) is a dialect continuum of Algonquian languages spoken by approximately 117,000 people across Canada, from the Northwest Territories to Alberta to Labrador.
The Cree participated in a variety of cultural ceremonies and rituals, including the Sun Dance (also known as the Thirst Dance, and particularly celebrated by the Plains Cree), powwows, vision quests, feasts, pipe ceremonies, sweat lodges and more.
The Cree were excellent hunters and followed the seasons of animals as they migrated in order to hunt different animals. They hunted moose, caribou and rabbit. The Cree had some very cool ways of travelling to suit both the winter and summer climates of their lands in Canada.
a stick with which some North American Indian warriors sought to touch their enemies in battle as a sign of courage.
Some fats in the animal were rendered into “ lard” instead of dried. All the insides, such as heart, kidneys and liver, were prepared and eaten, roasted or baked or laid out in the sun to dry. The lungs were not cooked, just sliced and hung up to dry. Intestines were also dried.
The Blackfoot lived to the south of the Red Deer River, and the Cree lived to the north. This angered the Cree so there was always a state of war between the two tribes. In about the year 1867, the Blackfoot had a young chief named Buffalo Child, and the Cree also had a young chief whose name was Little Bear.
Ojibwa is a member of the Algonquian language family, itself a member of the Algic language family. The language is often referred in English as Oji-Cree, with the term Severn Ojibwa (or Ojibwe) primarily used by linguists and anthropologists.