Choctaw men wore breechcloths. Choctaw women wore wraparound skirts made of deerskin or woven fiber. Shirts were not necessary in Choctaw culture, but men and women both wore poncho-style capes in cool weather. Like most Native Americans, the Choctaws also wore moccasins on their feet.
Most Choctaws today wear Choctaw dresses and shirts mainly for special occasions. They are made from cotton fabric, in solid colors with a contrasting trim. Occasionally, women choose silk or velvet fabric for traditional dresses, usually for events such as the Choctaw Indian Princess Pageant.
Tipis are not a part of Choctaw traditional culture. The traditional Choctaw house is the “chukka”. The summer chukka (sometimes known as a “chickee”), is a thatched, rect- angular, open, pole-frame structure, de- signed to allow the breeze to come through.
Today, Choctaw people are enrolled in three federally recognized tribes: the Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma, Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, and Jena Band of Choctaw Indians in Louisiana. Their mother mound is Nanih Waiya, a great earthwork platform mound located in central-east Mississippi.
The Choctaw relied a great deal upon corn, and also cultivated beans, squash, pumpkins and sunflowers. They gathered many wild plants, fruits and vegetables from the forests that surrounded their villages. They also relied upon hunting and fishing for subsistence.
The Choctaw observed many practices; one was called head flattening, which involved attaching a board to the heads of male infants in order to flatten them. This was a common custom among the southeast Indians.
The Choctaw Indian Nation is a Muskogean tribe also known as Chakchiuma, or Chatot. They call themselves Chahta in the Choctaw language, which was the name of a legendary Choctaw leader, and also means “the people.”
The Choctaw dress of today is usually of solid color of green, red, blue, purple, or other bright color with contrasting color trim. The decorative trim symbolizes the mountains and valleys with a path or trail beside them. The circle and cross symbolizes the sun and the stars.
Social dance, stickball, basket making, traditional clothing, foodways, and other cultural traditions are places where the generations intersect, passing on wisdom along with recipes, advice about life as well as dance steps, and Choctaw words along with basket patterns, each generation teaching the next what it means
Choctaw Girl Names
Choctaw, North American Indian tribe of Muskogean linguistic stock that traditionally lived in what is now southeastern Mississippi. The Choctaw dialect is very similar to that of the Chickasaw, and there is evidence that they are a branch of the latter tribe.
Choctaws enjoyed the reputation of a peaceful, agricultural people. Their large numbers provided them with a measure of security from attack by their neighbors, and they are not known to have been disposed to seek military conquest. In fact, disputes among tribes in the region were sometimes settled by a game of ball.
With the first wave in 1831, Choctaws were the first tribe to cover the Trail of Tears, so named because of the suffering and loss of life on the march.
The Choctaw Indian Tribe lived in the American Southeast for about 1,800 years. They migrated from modern Mexico and Western-America and settled in the Mississippi River Valley area. This area included parts of present-day Mississippi, Louisiana, and Alabama.
One of Mississippi’s and the United States’ most inhumane actions was the forced removal of American Indians from the South to lands west of the Mississippi River in the early 1800s. Removal occurred because of an incessant demand for Indian lands.
Choctaw religion never worshiped idols, or any works of their own hands, as other Indian nations. They believed in the existence of a Great Spirit, and that He possessed super-natural power, and was omnipresent, but they did not deem that He expected or required any form of worship of them.