What Did The Chinook Tribe Trade?

What Did The Chinook Tribe Trade?

Since the Chinook lived near the Columbia River and the ocean, they were especially skilled at things that dealt with water. They were superb canoe builders, navigators, and fishermen. Not only did the Chinook trade dried fish, they also traded slaves, canoes, and ornamental shells.

Who was the first to trade with the Chinook people?

Trading with whites By the early 1800s American and European trade ships regularly dropped anchor near Chinook territory to engage in trade. In 1805 American explorers Meriwether Lewis (1774–1809) and William Clark (1770–1836) became the first whites to reach Chinook territory by land.

What did the Chinooks eat?

Their main food source was salmon, but Chinook men also caught other fish and sea animals. The Chinook woman gathered clams, mussels, shellfish, berries, and roots. The Chinook men hunted elk, deer, buffalo, and sea animals. Chinook people were not nomadic, they stayed in one place most of the time.

What crops did the Chinook grow?

Their staple food was salmon. Chinook men also caught many other kinds of fish and sea mammals from their canoes and hunted deer, birds, and small game on land. Chinook women gathered clams and shellfish, seaweed, berries, and roots.

Did the Chinook tribe migrate?

Inside, they slept on reed mats over raised boards. Owing partly to their settled living patterns, the Chinook and other coastal tribes had relatively little conflict over land, as they did not migrate through each other’s territories and they had rich resources in the natural environment.

What natural resources did the Chinook tribe have?

Cedar was a favorite material, but nettle, rushes, willow bark, and other fibers were also used. Almost any activity you can think of utilized some sort of cordage. In addition to salmon and other fish, elk and deer were among the most important food resources used by the Chinook.

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How did the Chinook people survive?

What did the Chinook tribe live in? The Chinook tribe lived in plankhouses, also called simply ‘Big Houses’. The plankhouse was constructed from the red cedar trees that were so abundant in their area. The were skilled in splitting slabs from the straight-grained red cedar trees.

How did the Chinook people cook their food?

Each family had its own small fire in the longhouse. To roast the salmon, Chinook and Nez Perce people put the salmon into a split cedar wood stick that held the salmon tight like a clothespin, and stuck the wooden stick in a sand pit near their fire.

Did the Chinook tribe use money?

The Chinook used shells as a form of currency.

Did the Chinook tribe have a leader?

“Chinook women really have a very important role in our society and while most of the time, men were headmen, that is actually not entirely true. Women could also hold the position of head-person.

How did the Chinook fish?

The Chinook peoples caught salmon using a variety of methods. By the mouth of the river, they made long seine nets with twine spun from spruce roots and with stones tied to the bottom edges. In narrower, quiet parts of the river they built intricate weirs, mazes, baskets, and traps.

Why did the Chinook flatten their heads?

The elite of some tribes had the practice of head binding, flattening their children’s forehead and top of the skull as a mark of social status. They bound the infant’s head under pressure between boards when the infant was about 3 months old and continued until the child was about one year of age.

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What was the climate like where the Chinook tribe lived?

The climate of the Northwest Coast was mild and rainy. The geogra- phy where the Chinook lived was the shoreline. The Chinook had salmon for food, cedar bark for clothing, and trees for shelter. with deerskin and by weaving cloth from the inner bark of cedar trees.

Why is a Chinook called a Chinook?

The Chinook is named after the Chinook Indians who lived along the Columbia River, and who were the first people to tell stories of “The Great South Wind”, or, in their language, the “Snow Eater”.

What does the name Chinook mean?

name for a group of related native people in the Columbia River region of Washington and Oregon, from Salishan /činuk/, name of a village site [Bright]. The name was extended to a type of salmon (1851) and a warm spring wind in that region (1860).

Harold Plumb

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