Catawba men wore deerskin breechcloths. Catawba women wore wraparound skirts and mantle-type shirts that fastened at the left shoulder (leaving their right shoulder bare.) The Catawbas also wore moccasins on their feet.
In most Southeast Indian cultures the farming was done by the women, but among the Catawba it was the men who farmed. A plentiful supply of passenger pigeons served as winter food. The Catawba made bowls, baskets, and mats, which they traded to other tribes and Europeans for meat and skins.
The Catawba Indian Nation is one of the indigenous Indian tribes that settled the Carolina Piedmont over 10,000 years ago. They hunted and farmed their ancestral lands in the Piedmont area of North Carolina and South Carolina.
Note: “tɑnakɛ” is more informal than “hello,” more like “hi” or “howdy.”
The Catawba are a Native American tribe that lives in the southeastern United States. Traditionally, they lived along the Catawba River in South Carolina and North Carolina. Today, many Catawba live on a reservation in South Carolina. However, unlike other southeastern tribes, Catawba men, not women, farmed the land.
The Catawbas are especially known for their Native American pottery. Unlike many southeastern tribes, not all the Catawbas were forced to move to Oklahoma or go into hiding, so the Catawba pottery tradition has continued to the present day.
The Enrollment Team can be reached at (803) 366-4792 ext 253 or [email protected] If you are contacting her to prove lineal decent, please include the following information when contacting her: the full name of your ancestor as it appears on one of the rolls above, birthdate, place of birth, death and date.
Historically, the Indians who came to be called “Catawba” occupied the Catawba River Valley above and below the present-day North Carolina-South Carolina border. They are descended from a large group of independent peoples in the Catawba Valley who spoke a Siouan language.
Catawbas lived in the Carolina Piedmont. They were not related to the Cherokee. They spoke a completely different language called Siouan. Their name survives today in Catawba County and the Catawba River.
It may be derived from the Choctaw katapa, meaning “separated” or “divided.” Other scholars have traced it to a Catawba word meaning ” people on the edge (or bank) of a river,” or “people of the fork.” The Catawba called themselves “Nieye” (people), or “Ye iswa’here” (people of the river).
The Catawba Indians have lived on their ancestral lands along the banks of the Catawba River dating back at least 6000 years. Before contact with the Europeans it is believed that the Nation inhabited most of the Piedmont area of South Carolina, North Carolina and parts of Virginia.
Catawba River, River, southeastern U.S. Rising in North Carolina’s Blue Ridge, it flows south into South Carolina, where it becomes the Wateree River. It is 220 mi (350 km) long. With the Wateree, it forms an important source of hydroelectric power for South Carolina. Catawba River, near Rock Hill, South Carolina.
The Catawba Indian Reservation is a 600-acre piece of land purchased by the Catawba Peoples in 1850, located in the community of Catawba. This reservation is the only Indian reservation that is federally recognized in the state of South Carolina.
The Catawba River is also rich in history, providing for ancestors of the Catawba Indian Nation for some 12,000 years. European explorers and early American settlers eventually found their way to the valley and continue to flock to the region, all leaving their mark on the river.