Trade. Trade within the group or among the three Blackfoot groups was more common than trade with other groups. Horses, slaves, food, tipis, mules, and ornaments were common trade items. Trade with Whites involved the Blackfoot trading bison hides and furs for whiskey, guns, clothes, food, and metal tools.
However, their sentiments changed quickly as smallpox epidemics ravaged their population in the mid-1800s. Though they continued to trade buffalo hides, horses, and guns with the encroaching settlers, they primarily obtained their horses through trade with the Flathead, Kutenai, and Nez Perce tribes.
Though the first European traders did not encounter Blackfoot peoples until the mid-18th century, horses — brought to North America by the Spanish — probably reached them via trade from the west between 1725 and 1731.
The Blackfoot were known as one of the strongest and most-aggressive military powers on the northwestern Plains. Each Blackfoot band was divided into several hunting bands led by one or more chiefs. These bands wintered separately in sheltered river valleys.
The Blackfoot did not participate in a money economy prior to contact with Europeans. The Blackfoot engaged primarily in barter and trade before
The Blackfoot tribe nomadic hunter gatherers who living in tepees and hunted the buffalo and other game such as deer, elk and mountain sheep. The only plant that the Blackfoot tribe cultivated was tobacco. Men were in charge of hunting for food and protecting the camp and the women were in charge of the home.
www.bia.gov/bia/ois/tgs/genealogy Publishes a downloadable Guide to Tracing Your Indian Ancestry. Has a vast online library, Tracing Native American Family Roots. www.ncai.org/tribal-directory Provides the online tribal directory where contact information for specific tribes can be found.
Decisions within a camp were made by consensus. Leaders were recognized for their sound judgement, skill at bringing about a consensus, generosity, war record, and general ability. Leadership often shifted according to the situation; a war leader may not have been the leader of a buffalo hunt.
They established trading relationships with the Blackfoot tribe, which greatly impacted the Blackfoot economy and society. The Blackfoot eagerly traded for European technology, guns, and horses, and used these powerful new items to become even better hunters and warriors.
Today, three Blackfoot First Nation band governments (the Siksika, Kainai, and Piikani Nations) reside in the Canadian province of Alberta, while the Blackfeet Nation is a federally recognized Native American tribe of Southern Piikani in Montana, United States.
(ˈblækˌfʊt ) noun. Word forms: plural -feet or -foot. a member of a group of Native American peoples formerly living in the northwestern Plains.
The Blackfoot Indians were a nomadic tribe that followed the buffalo. Their art and crafts talent are demonstrated in their quill work, jewelry, beading, carvings, bronze work, dolls and hides among other things.
The main food for the Blackfoot came from the bison. They hunted other animals when necessary such as deer, elk, and rabbits. The women gathered berries when they could. For the winter, they made a mixture called pemmican from dried bison meat, berries, and fat.
The Blackfeet Tribal Business Council has approved a per-capita payment in the amount of $75.00 to all tribal members.