The most important crop for the Anasazi was corn. They crushed corn with a stone called mano. The corn that the Anasazi grew was multicolored and hard. Also, The Anasazi ate roots, berries, nuts, greens, cactus seeds, fruits, and wild honey.
They still hunted animals like deer, rabbits and prairie dogs. And they gathered wild plants for sustenance. The nuts of the piñon pine were eaten roasted or ground. They ate the ripe fruit of the banana yucca and dried the red fruit from the prickly pear cactus for later consumption.
The Anasazi’s favorite hunting tools were the spear and the bow and arrow. They made these weapons using basic materials like wood and sinew. The spear dates back almost 20,000 years, but the bow and arrow have only been in use for about 1,500 years.
It’s no secret that prehistoric Indians in the Southwest killed, butchered, and cooked their enemies. But now a team has evidence for what many have suspected. A dried hunk of human excrement, or coprolite, proves that the Anasazi ate human bodies as well, although a handful of critics are unswayed.
The first Anasazi were called “basket makers”. They were strong beautiful baskets from part of the yucca plant or wet willows that bent easily. They carried food and water in their baskets. They even put hot stones and water in baskets to cook food.
Crops grown in Anasazi fields would have included squash, such as these hubbard varieties, beans, many different colors and textures of corn, and gourds of various shapes and sizes. Flour Corn: Corn for grinding was the most common type in Anasazi fields.
The Anasazi managed to build glorious cities in the cliffs of the modern Southwest. Their rise and fall mark one of the greatest stories of pre-Columbian American history. The Anasazi built their dwellings under overhanging cliffs to protect them from the elements.
While the Anasazi were primarily farmers, they interacted on a regular basis with both wild and domestic animals. They raised livestock in the form of turkeys, kept domestic dogs, and hunted wild game. The dog served as a pet, a hunting companion and a guardian of both house and field.
The earliest Anasazi survived by hunting and gathering wild plants. By about 700, however, they had learned to farm corn, beans, squash, and other crops. As their farming methods improved, their food supply grew. Their population grew, too, and they built large permanent settlements.
The Anasazi were worshipers of many gods, in other words, polytheistic. This meant that the Anasazi had spiritual figures for everything, like rain, crops, animals, etc. An example would be their Creator, also known as ” The Grandmother.”
The Chaco people abused sacred ceremonies, practiced witchcraft and cannibalism, and made a dreaded substance called corpse powder by cooking and grinding up the flesh and bones of the dead. Their evil threw the world out of balance, and they were destroyed in a great earthquake and fire.
The Anasazi, or ancient ones, who once inhabited southwest Colorado and west-central New Mexico did not mysteriously disappear, said University of Denver professor Dean Saitta at Tuesday’s Fort Morgan Museum Brown Bag lunch program. The Anasazi, Saitta said, live today as the Rio Grande Pueblo, Hopi and Zuni Indians.
Although cannibalism isn’t exactly sustainable for most species, some species occasionally engage in cannibalistic behavior. This cannibalistic behavior in animals can be attributed to environmental causes, overcrowding, or even basic survival instincts.
The Ancient Pueblo people were very good farmers despite the harsh and arid climate. They ate mainly corn, beans, and squash. They knew how to dry their food and could store it for years. Women ground the dried corn into flour, which they made into paper-thin cakes.
Anasazi farmers adapted to their dry environment and grew maize, beans, and squash. Over time, they began to use irrigation to increase food production.
NARRATOR: Tucked within the canyons of the southwestern United States are hundreds of prehistoric homes of the Ancestral Puebloans, once known as the Anasazi. These homes are called cliff dwellings, because they were built along the sides and under the overhangs of cliffs.